, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 745-758

Study of hydrodynamic instabilities of a Z-pinch during a high-current explosion of a thin wire

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Results are presented from laboratory and numerical experiments on the influence of the core and associated hydrodynamic instabilities on the high-current implosion of a plasma of exploding metal wires. The experimental investigation of the discharge structure was carried out using the multiframe X-ray backlighting technique with high temporal and spatial resolution (<1 ns and 1 µm, respectively); X-pinches were used as small-sized radiation sources. The implosion of a dense Z-pinch was modeled by the free-point method with the use of a two-dimensional radiative MHD code. The onset of instabilities at the corona-core boundary was modeled by the NUTCY Eulerian code. The results show that hydrodynamic processes in the core are primarily responsible for the formation of small bright regions observed in X-rays. After the reflection of a shock wave from the axis, the rapid onset of hydrodynamic instabilities can occur at the corona-core boundary.

Translated from Fizika Plazmy, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2000, pp. 797–810.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2000 by Gus’kov, Ivanenkov, Mingaleev, Nikishin, Pikuz, Rozanov, Stepniewski, Tishkin, Hammer, Shelkovenko.