Alcaraz, J., L. Buscemi, M. Grabulosa, X. Trepat, B. Fabry, R. Farre, and D. Narajas. Microrheology of human lung epithelial cells measured by atomic force microscopy. Biophys. J. 84:2071-2079, 2003.
Arnoczky, S. P., M. Lavagnino, J. H. Whallon, and A. Hoonjan. In situ cell nucleus deformation in tendons under tensile load: A morphological analysis using confocal laser microscopy. J. Orthop. Res. 20:29-35, 2002.
Banes, A. J., M. Tsuzaki, P. Hu, B. Brigman, T. Brown, and L. Miller. Mechanoreception at the cellular level: The detection, interpretation, and diversity of responses to mechanical signals. Biochem. Cell Biol. 73:349-365, 1995.
Ben-Ze'ev, A. Animal cell shape changes and gene expression. Bioessays 13:207-212, 1991.
Bhadriraju, K., and L. K. Hansen. Extracellular matrix-and cytoskeleton-dependent changes in cell shape and stiffness. Exp. Cell Res. 278:92-100, 2002.
Bouten, C. V. C., M. M. Knight, D. A. Lee, and D. L. Bader. Compressive deformation and damage of muscle cell subpopulations in a model system. Ann. Biomed. Eng. 29:153-163, 2001.
Brodland, G. W., and J. H. Veldhuis. Computer simulations of mitosis and interdependencies between mitosis orientation, cell shape and epithelia reshaping. J. Biomech. 35:673-681, 2002.
Bucher, D., M. Scholz, M. Stetter, K. Obermayer, and H. J. Pflüger. Correction methods for three-dimensional reconstructions from confocal images: I. Tissue shrinking and axial scaling. J. Neurosci. 100:135-143, 2000.
Caille, N., O. Thoumine, Y. Tardy, and J.-J. Meister. Contribution of the nucleus to the mechanical properties of endothelial cells. J. Biomech. 35:177-187, 2002.
Chen, C. S., M. Mrksich, S. Huang, G. M. Whitesides, and D. E. Ingber. Geometric control of cell life and death. Science 276:1425-1428, 1997.
Coughlin, M. F., and D. Stamenović. A tensegrity model of the cytoskeleton in spread and round cells. J. Biomech. Eng. 120:770-777, 1998.
Daily, B., and E. L. Elson. Cell poking: Determination of the elastic area compressibility modulus of the erythrocyte membrane. Biophys. J. 45:671-682, 1984.
Errington, R. J., M. D. Fricker, J. L. Wood, A. C. Hall, and N. S. White. Four-dimensional imaging of living chondrocytes in cartilage using confocal microscopy: A pragmatic approach. Am. J. Physiol. 272:104-1051, 1997.
Evans, E., and A. Yeung. Apparent viscosity and cortical tension of blood granulolcytes determined by micropipet aspiration. Biophys. J. 56:151-160, 1989.
Guilak, F. Compression-induced changes in the shape and volume of the chondrocyte nucleus. J. Biomech. 28:1529-1541, 1995.
Guilak, F., A. Ratcliffe, and C. Mow. Chondrocyte deformation and local tissue strain in articular cartilage: A confocal microscopy study. J. Orthop. Res. 13:410-421, 1995.
Hell, S., G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer. Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index. J. Microsc. 169:391-405, 1993.
Ingber, D. E. Cellular tensegrity: Defining new rules of biological design that govern the cytoskeleton. J. Cell Sci. 104:613-627, 1993.
Janmey, P. A. The cytoskeleton and cell signaling: Component localization and mechanical coupling. Physiol. Rev. 78:763-781, 1998.
Kano, H., H. T. M. Voort, M. Schrader, G. M. P. Kempen, and S. W. Hell. Avalanche photodiode detection with object scanning and image restoration provides 2–4 fold resolution increase in two-photon fluorescence microscopy. Bioimaging 4:187-197, 1996.
Kempen, G. M. P., L. J. van Vliet, P. J. Verveer, and H. T. M. van der Voort. A quantitative comparison of image restoration methods for confocal microscopy. J. Microsc. 185:354-365, 1997.
Knight, M. M., D. A. Lee, and D. L. Bader. Distribution of chondrocyte deformation in compressed agarose gel using confocal microscopy. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 1:97-102, 1996.
Koay, E. J., A. C. Shieh, and K. A. Athanasiou. Creep indentation of single cells. J. Biomech. Eng. 125:334-341, 2003.
Lee, D. A., M. M. Knight, J. F. Bolton, B. D. Idowu, M. V. Kayser, and D. L. Bader. Chondrocyte deformation within compressed agarose constructs at the cellular and sub-cellular levels. J. Biomech. 33:81-95, 2000.
Maniotis, A. J., C. S. Chien, and D. E. Ingber. Demonstration of mechanical connections between integrins, cytoskeletal filaments, and nucleoplasm that stabilize nuclear structure. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94:849-854, 1997.
McConnaughey, W. B., and N. O. Petersen. The cell poker: An apparatus for stress-strain measurements on living cells. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51:575-580, 1980.
Mooney, D., L. Hansen, J. Vacanti, R. Langer, S. Farmer, and D. Ingber. Switching from differentiation to growth in hepatocytes: Control by extracellular matrix. J. Cell. Physiol. 151:497-505, 1992.
Needham, D., and R. M. Hochmuth. Rapid flow of passive neutrophils into a 4 µm pipet and measurement of cytoplasmic viscosity. J. Biomech. Eng. 112:269-276, 1990.
Peeters, E. A. G., C. V. C. Bouten, C. W. J. Oomens, and F. P. T. Baaijens. Monitoring the biomechanical response of individual cells under compression: A new compression device. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41:498-503, 2003.
Petersen, N. O., W. B. McConnaughey, and E. L. Elson. Dependence of locally measured cellular deformability on position on the cell, temperature, and cytochalalasin B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79:5327-5331, 1982.
Sato, M., D. P. Theret, L. T. Wheeler, N. Ohshima, and R. M. Nerem. Application of the micropipette technique to the measurement of cultured porcine aortic endothelial cell viscoelastic properties. J. Biomech. Eng. 112:263-268, 1990.
Sheppard, J. Axial resolution of confocal fluorescence microscopy. J. Microsc. 154:237-241, 1989.
Stuurman, N., S. Heins, and U. Aebi. Nuclear lamins: Their structure, assembly and interactions. J. Struct. Biol. 122:42-66, 1998.
Thoumine, O., and O. Cardoso. Changes in the mechanical properties of fibroblasts during spreading: A micromanimpulation study. Eur. Biophys. J. 28:222-234, 1999.
Thoumine, O., A. Ott, O. Cardoso, and J. Meister. Microplates: A new tool for manipulation and mechanical perturbation of individual cells. J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 39:47-62, 1999.
Vesenka, J., C. Mosher, S. Schaus, L. Ambrosio, and E. Henderson. Combining optical and atomic force microscopy for life sciences research. Biotechniques 19:240-253, 1995.
Visser, T. D., J. L. Oud, and G. J. Brakenhoff. Refractive index and axial distance measurements in 3D microscopy. Optik 90:17-19, 1992.
Wang, N., J. P. Butler, and D. E. Ingber. Mechanotransduction across the cell surface and through the cytoskeleton. Science 260:1124-1127, 1993.
Wang, N., and D. E. Ingber. Control of cytoskeletal mechanics by extracellular matrix, cell shape and mechanical tension. Biophys. J. 66:2181-2189, 1994.
Watson, P. A. Function follows form: Generation of intracellular signals by cell deformation. FAS EB J. 5:2013-2019, 1991.
Wilson, T. Optical sectioning in confocal fluorescent microscopes. J. Microsc. 154:143-156, 1989.
You, H. X., J. M. Lau, S. Zhang, and L. Yu. Atomic force microscopy imaging of living cells: A preliminary study of the disruptive effect of the cantilever tip on cell morphology. Ultramicroscopy 82:297-305, 2000.
Zhang, Z., M. A. Ferenczi, A. C. Lush, and C. R. Thomas. A novel micromanipulation technique for measuring the bursting strength of single mammalian cells. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 36:208-210, 1991.
Zvyagin, A. V., K. K. M. B. D. Silva, S. A. Alexandrov, T. R. Hillman, J. J. Armstrong, T. Tsuzuki, and D. D. Sampson. Refractive index tomography of turbid media by bifocal optical coherence refractometry. Opt. Express 11:3503-3517, 2003.