Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 9, pp 1084–1096

Oxygen Tension Imaging in the Mouse Retina

  • Ross D. Shonat
  • Amanda C. Kight

DOI: 10.1114/1.1603256

Cite this article as:
Shonat, R.D. & Kight, A.C. Annals of Biomedical Engineering (2003) 31: 1084. doi:10.1114/1.1603256


A newly developed microscope-based imaging system was used to measure the oxygen tension (PO2) inside the retinal and choroidal vessels of mice and to generate in vivo maps of retinal PO2. These maps were generated from the phosphorescence lifetimes of an injected palladium–porphyrin compound using a frequency-domain measurement. The system was fully calibrated and used to produce retinal PO2 maps at different inspiratory oxygen fractions. PO2 rose accordingly and predictably as inspiratory O2 was stepped from hypoxic to hyperoxic conditions. Important experimental and acquisition parameters necessary for applying phosphorescence lifetime imaging to the mouse eye were investigated, including camera exposure and intensifier gain settings. Because of a need to limit light exposure to the retina, PO2 map quality as measured by the coefficient of determination was investigated as a function of signal-to-noise and accumulated excitation energy deposition. With the development of this technology for use in mice, the potential for investigating the oxygen dynamics in genetically engineered mouse models of retinal disease, including diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration, is advanced. © 2003 Biomedical Engineering Society.

PAC2003: 4266Ew, 8763Lk, 8719Dd

Phosphorescence lifetimePhosphorescence quenchingPhase-sensitive detectionPalladium-porphyrin compound

Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ross D. Shonat
    • 1
  • Amanda C. Kight
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcester