Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 65–67

Brief report: Utility of a short screening scale for DSM-IV PTSD in primary care

  • Rachel Kimerling
  • Paige Ouimette
  • Annabel Prins
  • Patrick Nisco
  • Casey Lawler
  • Ruth Cronkite
  • Rudolf H. Moos
Original Articles

DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.00292.x

Cite this article as:
Kimerling, R., Ouimette, P., Prins, A. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2006) 21: 65. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.00292.x

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Breslau’s 7-item screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for use in primary care.

DESIGN: One hundred and thirty-four patients were recruited from primary care clinics at a large medical center. Participants completed the self-administered 7-item PTSD screen. Later, psychologists blinded to the results of the screen-interviewed patients using the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS). Sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios (LR) were calculated using the CAPS as the criterion for PTSD.

RESULTS: The screen appears to have test-retest reliability (r=.84), and LRs range from 0.04 to 13.4.

CONCLUSIONS: Screening for PTSD in primary care is time efficient and has the potential to increase the detection of previously unrecognized PTSD.

Key Words

PTSD primary care screening detection diagnosis 

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel Kimerling
    • 5
  • Paige Ouimette
    • 1
  • Annabel Prins
    • 2
  • Patrick Nisco
    • 5
  • Casey Lawler
    • 3
  • Ruth Cronkite
    • 4
  • Rudolf H. Moos
    • 4
  1. 1.Syracuse VA Medical CenterSyracuseUSA
  2. 2.San Jose State University and VA Palo Alto Health Care SystemPalo AltoUSA
  3. 3.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  4. 4.VA Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoUSA
  5. 5.National Center for PTSD, VA Palo Alto Healthcare SystemMenlo Park