A practical guide to developing effective web-based learning Authors
Cite this article as: Cook, D.A. & Dupras, D.M. J GEN INTERN MED (2004) 19: 698. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2004.30029.x
OBJECTIVE: Online learning has changed medical education, but many “educational” websites do not employ principles of effective learning. This article will assist readers in developing effective educational websites by integrating principles of active learning with the unique features of the Web.
DESIGN: Narrative review.
RESULTS: The key steps in developing an effective educational website are: Perform a needs analysis and specify goals and objectives; determine technical resources and needs; evaluate preexisting software and use it if it fully meets your needs; secure commitment from all participants and identify and address potential barriers to implementation; develop content in close coordination with website design (appropriately use multimedia, hyperlinks, and online communication) and follow a timeline; encourage active learning (self-assessment, reflection, self-directed learning, problem-based learning, learner interaction, and feedback); facilitate and plan to encourage use by the learner (make website accessible and user-friendly, provide time for learning, and motivate learners); evaluate learners and course; pilot the website before full implementation; and plan to monitor online communication and maintain the site by resolving technical problems, periodically verifying hyperlinks, and regularly updating content.
CONCLUSION: Teaching on the Web involves more than putting together a colorful webpage. By consistently employing principles of effective learning, educators will unlock the full potential of Web-based medical education.
World Wide Web
A presentation illustrating the step-by-step application of this process is available online at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/products/journals/suppmat/jgi/JG130029_appendix.ppt.
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