Availability of antibiotics without prescription in New York City
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Misuse of antibiotics in the community has been associated with emergence of increasingly antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Although antibiotics in the United States are to be prescribed by a health care provider, the extent to which they are obtained by other means is not known. The purpose of this article is to describe a survey of the availability of nonprescription antibiotics in neighborhood independent businesses in several Manhattan, New York, neighborhoods. A survey was conducted of 101 stores in three neighborhoods—one primarily Hispanic; one primarily black, non-Hispanic; and one primarily white, non-Hispanic. Antibiotics were available in all stores in the Hispanic neighborhood (n=34), but in none of the others (P<.001). If efforts to rationalize the use of antibiotics are to be successful, the beliefs and cultural norms of subpopulations must be considered, and interventions must be culturally relevant.
- Charlebois ED, Bangsberg DR, Moss NJ, et al. Population-based community prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the urban poor of San Francisco. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;34:425–433. CrossRef
- Hussain FM, Boyle-Vavra S, Daum RS. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in healthy children attending an outpatient pediatric clinic. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20:763–767.
- Shopsin B, Herring S, Kreiswirth BN. Hospital-acquired and community-derived: the future of MRSA? Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:151–152. CrossRef
- Zeana C, Larson E, Sahni J, Bayuga SJ, Wu F, Della-Latta P. The epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: does the community represent a reservoir? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003;24:275–279. CrossRef
- Enserink M. Infectious diseases. Resistant staph finds new niches. Science. 2003;299:1639–1641. CrossRef
- Herold BC, Immergluck LC, Maranan MC, et al. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children with no identified predisposing risk. JAMA. 1998;279:593–598. CrossRef
- Jones TF, Kellum ME, Porter SS, Bell M, Schaffner W. An outbreak of community-acquired foodborne illness caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:82–84.
- Melander E, Ekdahl K, Jonsson G, Molstad S. Frequency of penicillin-resistant pneumococci in children is correlated to community utilization of antibiotics. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000;19:1172–1177.
- Wright SW, Wrenn KD, Haynes M, Haas DW. Prevalence and risk factors for multidrug resistant uropathogens in ED patients. Am J Emerg Med. 2000;18:143–146. CrossRef
- World Health Organization. Containing Antimicrobial Resistance: Review of the Literature and Report of a WHO Workshop on the Development of a Global Strategy for the Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; February 4–5, 1999. WHO/CDS/CSR/DRS/99.2.
- Larson E, Lin S, Gomez-Duarte C. Prevalence and correlates of antibiotic use in 631 Hispanic households in New York City. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:1096–1102.
- Larson E, Gomez-Duarte C. Home hygiene practices and infectious disease symptoms among household members. Public Health Nurs. 2001;18:116–127. CrossRef
- Gonzales R, Steiner JF, Sande MA. Antibiotic prescribing for adults with colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and bronchitis by ambulatory care physicians. JAMA. 1997;278:901–904. CrossRef
- Nyquist AC, Gonzales R, Steiner JF, Sande MA. Antibiotic prescribing for children with colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and bronchitis. JAMA. 1998;279:875–877. CrossRef
- McCaig LF, Besser RE, Hughes JM. Antimicrobial drug prescription in ambulatory care settings, United States, 1992–2000. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:432–437.
- Hooton TM, Levy SB. Antimicrobial resistance: a plan of action for community practice. Am Fam Physician. 2001;63:1087–1098.
- Mangione-Smith R, McGlynn EA, Elliott MN, Krogstad P, Brook RH. The relationship between perceived parental expectations and pediatrician antimicrobial prescribing behavior. Pediatrics. 1999;103:711–718. CrossRef
- Richman PB, Garra G, Eskin B, Nashed AH, Cody R. Oral antibiotic use without consulting a physician: a survey of ED patients. Am J Emerg Med. 2001;19:57–60. CrossRef
- Pechere JC. Patients' interviews and misuse of antibiotics. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33 (suppl 3):S170-S173. CrossRef
- Okeke IN, Lamikanra A, Edelman R. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors leading to acquired bacterial resistance to antibiotics in developing countries. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5:18–27. CrossRef
- Lansang MA, Lucas-Aquino R, Tupasi TE, et al. Purchase of antibiotics without prescription in Manila, the Philippines. Inappropriate choices and doses. J Clin Epidemiol. 1990;43:61–67. CrossRef
- Hui L, Li XS, Zeng XJ, Dai YH, Foy HM. Patterns and determinants of use of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infection in children in China. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997;16:560–564. CrossRef
- Rahman F, Andersson R, Svanstrom L. Medical help seeking behaviour of injury patients in a community in Bangladesh. Public Health. 1998;112:31–35. CrossRef
- Singh J, Raje N. The rise of western medicine in India. Lancet. 1996;348:1598. CrossRef
- Kunin CM, Liu YC. Excessive use of antibiotics in the community associated with delayed admission and masked diagnosis of infectious diseases. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2002;35:141–146, 141.
- Bojalil R, Calva JJ. Antibiotic misuse in diarrhea. A household survey in a Mexican community. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994;47:147–156. CrossRef
- Calva J, Bojalil R. Antibiotic use in a periurban community in Mexico: a household and drugstore survey. Soc Sci Med. 1996;42:1121–1128. CrossRef
- Ochoa C, Eiros JM, Inglada L, Vallano A, Guerra L. Assessment of antibiotic prescription in acute respiratory infections in adults. The Spanish Study Group on Antibiotic Treatments. J Infect. 2000;41:73–83. CrossRef
- Ochoa C, Inglada L, Eiros JM, Solis G, Vallano A, Guerra L. Appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in community-acquired acute pediatric respiratory infections in Spanish emergency rooms. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20:751–758.
- Diekema DJ, Brueggemann AB, Doern GV. Antimicrobial-drug use and changes in resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000;6:552–556.
- Replogle ML, Fleming DW, Cieslak PR. Emergence of antimicrobial-resistant shigellosis in Oregon. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:515–519. CrossRef
- Taylor JP, Suarez L. Prevalence and risk factors of drug-resistant tuberculosis along the Mexico-Texas border. Am J Public Health. 2000;90:271–273. CrossRef
- McKee MD, Mills L, Mainous AG 3rd. Antibiotic use for the treatment of upper respiratory infections in a diverse community. J Fam Pract. 1999;48:993–996.
- Garfield R, Broe D, Albano B. The role of academic medical centers in delivery of primary care: an urban study. Acad Med. 1995;70:405–409. CrossRef
- Lipton RB, Losey LM, Giachello A, Mendez J, Girotti MH. Attitudes and issues in treating Latino patients with type 2 diabetes: views of healtheare providers. Diabetes Educ. 1998;24:67–71.
- Stauber J. Cuarderismo in the Mexican American community. J Health Educ. 1994;26:345–349.
- Zaldivar A, Smolowitz J. Perceptions of the importance placed on religion and folk medicine by non-Mexican-American Hispanic adults with diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 1994;20:303–306. Neighborhood survey of availability of antibiotics without a prescription
- Availability of antibiotics without prescription in New York City
Journal of Urban Health
Volume 81, Issue 3 , pp 498-504
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Antimicrobial resistance
- Infection prevention