Aggarwal, R. and Agmon, T. (1990) ‘The international success of developing country firms: role of government-directed comparative advantage’, Management International Review 30 (2): 163–180.Google Scholar
Antkiewicz, A. and Whalley, J. (2006) ‘Recent Chinese buyout activities and the implications for global architecture’, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper 12072, NBER, Cambridge, MA.
Braeutigam, D. (2003) ‘Close encounters: Chinese business networks as industrial catalysts in Sub-Saharan Africa’, African Affairs 102 (408): 447–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J. (2004a) ‘Asian network firms: an analytical framework’, Asia Pacific Business Review 10 (3/4): 254–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J. (2004b) ‘The role of China in the global strategy of multinational enterprises’, Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies 2 (1): 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J. and Casson, M. (1976) The Future of the Multinational Enterprise, Macmillan: London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J. and Casson, M. (1981) ‘The optimal timing of a foreign direct investment’, Economic Journal 91 (361): 75–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J. and Casson, M. (1999) ‘A Theory of International Operations’, in P.J. Buckley and P.N. Ghauri (eds.) The Internationalization Process of the Firm: a Reader, 2nd edn, International Business Thomson: London, pp: 55–60.Google Scholar
Buckley, P.J., Clegg, L.J. and Wang, C. (2002) ‘The impact of inward FDI on the performance of Chinese manufacturing firms’, Journal of International Business Studies 33 (4): 637–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buckley, P.J., Cross, A.R., Tan, H., Voss, H. and Liu, X. (2006) ‘An investigation of recent trends in Chinese outward direct investment and some implications for theory’, Centre for International Business University of Leeds Working Paper.
Business Week (2004) ‘Big Blue's Bold Step into China’, 20 December: 33–34.
Cai, K.G. (1999) ‘Outward foreign direct investment: a novel dimension of China's integration into the regional and global economy’, China Quarterly 160 (December): 856–880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chakrabarti, A. (2001) ‘The determinants of foreign direct investments: sensitivity analyses of cross-country regressions’, Kyklos 54 (1): 89–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, X., Yung, R.L. and Zhang, B. (2002) China Manufacturing, BNP Paribas Peregrine Economics/Sector Update April 2002.
Child, J. and Pleister, H. (2003) ‘Governance and management in China's private sector’, Management International 7 (3): 13–24.Google Scholar
Child, J. and Rodrigues, S.B. (2005) ‘The internationalization of Chinese firms: a case for theoretical extension?’ Management and Organization Review 1 (3): 381–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deng, P. (2003) ‘Foreign direct investment by transnationals from emerging countries: the case of China’, Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies 10 (2): 113–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deng, P. (2004) ‘Outward investment by Chinese MNCs: motivations and implications’, Business Horizons 47 (3): 8–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dicken, P. (2003) Global Shift: Reshaping the Global Economic Map in the 21st Century, 4th edn, Sage: London.Google Scholar
Ding, X.L. (2000) ‘Informal privatization through internationalization: the rise of nomenklatura
capitalism in China's offshore business’, British Journal of Political Science 30 (1): 121–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J.H. (1977) ‘Trade, Location of Economic Activity and the MNE: A Search for an Eclectic Approach’, in B. Ohlin, P.O. Hesselborn and P.M. Wijkmon (eds.) The International Location of Economic Activity, Macmillan: London, pp: 395–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J.H. (1993) Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy, Addison-Wesley: Wokingham.Google Scholar
Dunning, J.H. (2001) ‘The eclectic (OLI) paradigm of international production: past, present and future’, International Journal of the Economics of Business 8 (2): 173–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J.H. (2002) ‘Relational Assets, Networks, and International Business Activities’, in F.J. Contractor and P. Lorange (eds.) Cooperative Strategies and Alliances, Pergamon: Amsterdam, pp: 569–593.Google Scholar
Dunning, J.H. (2006) ‘Comment on dragon multinationals: new players in 21st century globalization’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 23 (2): 139–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J.H., van Hoesel, R. and Narula, R. (1998) ‘Third World Multinationals Revisited: New Developments and Theoretical Implications’, in J.H. Dunning (ed.) Globalization, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, Elsevier: Amsterdam and Oxford, pp: 255–285.Google Scholar
Erdener, C. and Shapiro, D.M. (2005) ‘The internationalization of Chinese family enterprises and Dunning's eclectic MNE paradigm’, Management and Organization Review 1 (3): 411–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Erramilli, M.K., Srivastava, R. and Kim, S.-S. (1999) ‘Internationalization theory and Korean multinationals’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 16 (1): 29–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferrantino, M.J. (1992) ‘Transaction costs and the expansion of third-world multinationals’, Economic Letters 38 (4): 451–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guo, H. (1984) ‘On Establishment of Joint Ventures Abroad’, Almanac of China's Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, Ministry of Commerce: Beijing, pp: 652–654.Google Scholar
Hall, T. (2004) ‘Controlling for risk: an analysis of China's system of foreign exchange and exchange rate management’, Columbia Journal of Asian Law 17 (2): 433–481.Google Scholar
Heenan, D.A. and Keegan, W.J. (1979) ‘The rise of third world multinationals’, Harvard Business Review 57 (1): 101–109.Google Scholar
Henley, J., Kirkpatrick, C. and Wilde, G. (1999) ‘Foreign direct investment in China: recent trends and current policy issues’, The World Economy 22 (2): 223–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2005) World Economic Outlook Database, [www document] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2005/01/data/dbcsubm.cfm
. (accessed 26 September 2006).
Johanson, J. and Vahlne, J.-E. (1977) ‘The internationalization process of the firm: a model of knowledge development and increasing foreign market commitments’, Journal of International Business Studies 8 (1): 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kent, R.B. (2003) ‘A Diaspora of Chinese Settlement in Latin America and the Caribbean’, in L.J.C. Ma and C. Cartier (eds.) The Chinese Diaspora: Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity, Rowman & Littlefield: Lanham, pp: 117–138.Google Scholar
Kohlhagen, S.W. (1977) ‘The Effects of Exchange-Rate Adjustments on International Investment: Comment’, in P.B. Clark, D.E. Logue and R. Sweeney (eds.) The Effects of Exchange Rate Adjustments, US Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, pp: 194–197.Google Scholar
Lall, S. and Albaladejo, M. (2004) ‘China's competitive performance: a threat to East Asian manufactured exports?’ World Development 32 (9): 1441–1466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lardy, N.R. (1998) China's Unfinished Economic Revolution, Brookings Institution: Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Lau, H.-F. (1992) ‘Internationalization, internalization, or a new theory for small, low-technology multinational enterprise?’ European Journal of Marketing 26 (10): 17–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lau, H.-F. (2003) ‘Industry evolution and internationalization processes of firms from a newly industrialized economy’, Journal of Business Research 56 (10): 847–852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lawrence, S.V. (2002) ‘Going global’, Far Eastern Economic Review 165 (12): 32.Google Scholar
Lecraw, D.J. (1977) ‘Direct investment by firms from less developed countries’, Oxford Economic Papers 29 (3): 442–457.Google Scholar
Li, P.P. (2003) ‘Toward a geocentric theory of multinational evolution: the implications from the Asian MNEs as latecomers’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 20 (2): 217–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lim, D. (1983) ‘Fiscal incentives and direct investment in less developed countries’, Journal of Development Studies 19 (2): 207–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H. and Li, K. (2002) ‘Strategic implications of emerging Chinese multinationals: the Haier case study’, European Management Journal 20 (6): 699–706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, L. (2005) China's Industrial Policies and the Global Business Revolution: The Case of the Domestic Appliance Industry, RoutledgeCurzon: London.Google Scholar
Logue, D.E. and Willet, T.D. (1977) ‘The Effects of Exchange-Rate Adjustments on International Investment’, in P.B. Clark, D.E. Logue and R. Sweeney (eds.) The Effects of Exchange Rate Adjustments, US Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, pp: 137–150.Google Scholar
Loungani, P., Mody, A. and Razin, A. (2002) ‘The global disconnect: the role of transactional distance and scale economies in gravity equations’, Scottish Journal of Political Economy 49 (5): 526–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luo, Y. (1997) ‘Guanxi: principles, philosophies, and implications’, Human Systems Management 16 (1): 43–51.Google Scholar
Ma, L.J.C. (2003) ‘Space, Place, and Transnationalism in the Chinese Diaspora’, in L.J.C. Ma and C. Cartier (eds.) The Chinese Diaspora: Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity, Rowman & Littlefield: Lanham, pp: 1–4.Google Scholar
Ma, X. and Andrews-Speed, P. (2006) ‘The overseas activities of China's national oil companies: rationale and outlook’, Minerals and Energy 21 (1): 17–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meyer, K.E. and Nguyen, H.V. (2005) ‘Foreign investment strategies and sub-national institutions in emerging markets: evidence from Vietnam’, Journal of Management Studies 42 (1): 63–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MOFCOM (various years) Almanac of China's Foreign Relations and Trade, Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM): Beijing.
MOFCOM (2004) China Commerce Yearbook [Zhongguo shangwu nianjian] Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM): Beijing.
National Bureau of Statistics (2005) China Statistical Yearbook 2005, China Statistics Press: Beijing.
Ng, L.F.Y. and Tuan, C. (2002) ‘Building a favourable investment environment: evidence for the facilitation of FDI in China’, The World Economy 25 (8): 1095–1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D.C. (1990) Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ohio University (2006) Distribution of the Ethnic Chinese Population Around the World, University Libraries, Ohio University [www document] http://cicdatabank.library.ohiou.edu/opac/population.php
. (accessed 17 May 2006).
Peng, M.W. (2002) ‘Towards an institution-based view of business strategy’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 19 (2/3): 251–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Political Risk Services (PRS) (2005) International Country Risk Guide (ICRG), [www document] www.prsgroup.com/ICRG.aspx
. (accessed April 2005).
Poston Jr, D.L., Mao, M.X. and Yi, M.-Y. (1994) ‘The global distribution of overseas Chinese around 1990’, Population and Development Review 20 (3): 631–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pradhan, J.P. (2003) ‘Outward foreign direct investment from India: recent trends and patterns’, Jawaharlal Nehru University Working Paper Series, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Roberts, I. and Tyers, R. (2003) ‘China's exchange rate policy: the case for greater flexibility’, Asian Economic Journal 17 (2): 155–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rowen, H.S. (2003) ‘Will China take over world manufacturing?’ The International Economy 17 (1): 72.Google Scholar
Sauvant, K. (2005) ‘New sources of FDI: The BRICs. Outward FDI from Brazil, Russia, India and China’, Journal of World Investment and Trade 6 (October): 639–709.Google Scholar
Scott, W.R. (2002) ‘The Changing World of Chinese Enterprises: An Institutional Perspective’, in A.S. Tsui and C.-M. Lau (eds.) Management of Enterprises in the People's Republic of China, Kluwer Academic Press: Boston, pp: 59–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott-Green, S. and Clegg, L.J. (1999) ‘The determinants of new FDI capital flows into the EC: a statistical comparison of the USA and Japan’, Journal of Common Market Studies 37 (4): 597–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sikorski, D. and Menkhoff, T. (2000) ‘Internationalisation of Asian business’, Singapore Management Review 22 (1): 1–17.Google Scholar
Standifird, S.S. and Marshall, R.S. (2000) ‘The transaction cost advantage of guanxi
-based business practices’, Journal of World Business 35 (1): 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stevens, G.V.G. (1993) ‘Exchange rates and foreign direct investment: a note’, International Finance Discussion Papers, April, No. 444, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.
Steinfeld, E.S. (1998) Forging Reform in China: The Fate of State-Owned Industry, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sung, Y.-W. (1996) ‘Chinese outward investment in Hong Kong: trends, prospects and policy implications’, OECD Development Centre Technical Papers, No. 113, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Swystun, J., Burt, F. and Ly, A. (2005) The Strategy for Chinese Brands: Part 1 – The Perception Challenge, [www document] http://www.interbrand.com
. (accessed 11 January 2006), Interbrand White Paper, Interbrand, New York.
Taylor, R. (2002) ‘Globalization strategies of Chinese companies: current developments and future prospects’, Asian Business and Management 1 (2): 209–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tong, S.Y. (2003) ‘Ethnic Chinese networking in cross-border investment: the impact of economic and institutional development’, Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy (HIEBS) Working Paper, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Tsai, K.S. (2002) Back-Alley Banking: Private Entrepreneurs in China, Cornell University Press: Ithaca.Google Scholar
UNCTAD (1998) World Investment Report 1998: Trends and Determinants, United Nations: New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD (2003) World Investment Report 2003: FDI Policies for Development: National and International Perspectives, United Nations: New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD (2005a) World Investment Report 2005: Transnational Corporations and the Internationalization of R&D, United Nations: New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD (2005b) Prospects for Foreign Direct Investment and the Strategies of Transnational Corporations, 2005–2008, United Nations: New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD (2006) ‘FDI/TNC database’, [www document] http://stats.unctad.org/fdi
. (accessed 09 May 2006).
UN Statistics Division (2006) UN Demographic Yearbook Special Census Topics, [preliminary release 27 March 2006] [www document] http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dybcens.htm
. (accessed 17 May 2006).
Villela, A.V. (1983) ‘Transnationals from Brazil’, in S. Lall (ed.) The New Transnationals: The Spread of Third World Transnationals, John Wiley: Chichester, pp: 220–249.Google Scholar
Wang, M.Y. (2002) ‘The motivations behind Chinese government-initiated industrial investments overseas’, Pacific Affairs 75 (2): 187–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warner, M., Hong, N.S. and Xu, X. (2004) ‘Late development experience and the evolution of transnational firms in the People's Republic of China’, Asia Pacific Business Review 10 (3/4): 324–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wells, L.T. (1983) Third World Multinationals: The Rise of Foreign Investments from Developing Countries, MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation) (2006) Patents and PCT statistics, [www document] http://www.wipo.int/ipstats/en/statistics/patents/
. (accessed 26 September 2006).
Wong, J. and Chan, S. (2003) ‘China's outward direct investment: expanding worldwide’, China: An International Journal 1 (2): 273–301.Google Scholar
World Bank (2005) World Development Indicators (WDI) April 2005, ESDS International, (MIMAS) University of Manchester.
World Bank (2006) Indicators of Governance and Institutional Quality, [www document] http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLAWJUSTINST/Resources/IndicatorsGovernanceandInstitutionalQuality.pdf
. (accessed 16 January 2006).
Wu, F. and Sia, Y.H. (2002) ‘China's rising investment in Southeast Asia: trends and outlook’, Journal of Asian Business 18 (2): 41–61.Google Scholar
Wu, H.-L. and Chen, C.-H. (2001) ‘An assessment of outward foreign direct investment from China's transitional economy’, Europe-Asia Studies 53 (8): 1235–1254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wright, M., Filatotchev, I., Hoskisson, R.E. and Peng, M.W. (2005) ‘Strategy research in emerging economies: challenging the conventional wisdom’, Journal of Management Studies 42 (1): 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ye, G. (1992) ‘Chinese transnational corporations’, Transnational Corporations 1 (2): 125–133.Google Scholar
Yeung, H.W.-C. (1998) ‘The political economy of transnational corporations: a study of the regionalization of Singaporean firms’, Political Geography 17 (4): 389–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yeung, H.W.-C. (1999) ‘The internationalisation of ethnics Chinese business firms from southeast asia: strategies, processes and competitive advantages’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23 (1): 88–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yu, A., Chao, H. and Dorf, M. (2005) ‘Outbound investments by Chinese companies: the Chinese government approval regime’, Topics in Chinese Law, O’Melveny&Myers Research Report, November 2005.
Zhan, J.X. (1995) ‘Transnationalization and outward investment: the case of Chinese firms’, Transnational Corporations 4 (3): 67–100.Google Scholar
Zhang, Y. (2003) China's Emerging Global Businesses: Political Economy and Institutional Investigations, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zin, R.H.M. (1999) ‘Malaysian reverse investments: trends and strategies’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 16 (3): 469–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar