Risk Management

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 132–153

Risk amplification as social attribution

  • Dominic Duckett
  • Jerry Busby
Original Article

DOI: 10.1057/rm.2013.2

Cite this article as:
Duckett, D. & Busby, J. Risk Manag (2013) 15: 132. doi:10.1057/rm.2013.2


The Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) occupies a significant position as a risk perception model and is widely recognised in risk management discourse particularly when controversial risk episodes are unfolding. This is despite criticism that it does not achieve its integrative goals to be an overarching framework for diverse social science approaches. This article accounts for the longevity of SARF and explores some of the longstanding philosophical issues. The concept of risk amplification as a social attribution is presented to strengthen the integrative appeal of the framework and to act as a counter to objections that the framework necessarily reifies risk, is ill equipped to describe social complexity and sides with the risk assessor against ‘non-expert’ stakeholders.


social amplification risk amplification social attribution SARF SARA 

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominic Duckett
    • 1
  • Jerry Busby
    • 2
  1. 1.Social, Economic and Geographic Science Group, The James Hutton InstituteScotlandUK
  2. 2.Department of Management ScienceLancaster UniversityUK

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