Risk Management

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 208–234

Crisis opportunism: Bailouts and E-SCADs in the GFC

  • Judy Johnston
  • Alexander Kouzmin
  • Kym Thorne
  • Stephen Kelly
Original Article

DOI: 10.1057/rm.2010.3

Cite this article as:
Johnston, J., Kouzmin, A., Thorne, K. et al. Risk Manag (2010) 12: 208. doi:10.1057/rm.2010.3


As a response to the ‘junk debt’-inspired global economic crisis, governments, with supra-national organizational approval, have appropriated billions of taxpayers’ dollars for bailouts, have set up special funds and underwritten depositors’ savings in the desperate hope of alleviating the threat of rapid, economic decline and systemic destruction of value. Whether these governments have a democratic mandate for such unprecedented action is debatable. More importantly, though, is whether such decisions amount to good re-regulatory policy. First, it is known that some of the bailout money to large corporations has been squandered by oligarchic recipients and appropriated by them in their own interests. Second, special funds, set up supposedly to support particular industry sectors from liquidation, have been attacked on the basis that they have only served to support crony capitalism and attract oligarchic rent-seeking writ large. Third, Australian banks, for example, which have government, depositor account guarantees have made windfall gains. The worst-case scenario is that governments have used taxpayers’ funds with a flagrant disregard for the consequences, including abusing inter-generational utility, and have actually committed economic, state crimes. Public policy in Neo-liberalism is fraught with crisis vulnerability. Crises, as ‘created’ opportunities, compound the situation. From US congressional ‘earmarks’, to ‘Yankee and Met owners’ scams siphoning billions in public funds, policy discourse around the world has been ‘high-jacked’ by opportunistic Neo-liberalism. This article seeks to deconstruct some of the hubris associated with corporate capitalism's creation of a new financial sector based on fraud – junk debt, credit default swaps and derivatives. How has it come to pass that fraud has become the basis of corporate performance and leadership remuneration? Is criminal fraud the heart of global capitalism and a criminogenic Neo-liberalism? This article explores these issues, qualitatively, through a ‘forensic’ examination of emerging re-regulatory policies in the United States and Australia. The conceptual framework of the article is located within the notion of economic, state crimes against democracy.


economic SCADs Hubris commercial-in-confidence bailouts GFC 

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judy Johnston
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander Kouzmin
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kym Thorne
    • 5
  • Stephen Kelly
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Management and Organization Studies (CMOS), University of TechnologySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Business, School of Management, University of TechnologySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.School of Commerce and Management, Regional Futures Institute, Southern Cross UniversityLismoreAustralia
  4. 4.School of Management, University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  5. 5.School of Commerce, University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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