Aharoni, Y. (1966) The Foreign Direct Investment Decision Process, Harvard University Press: Boston.
Ahuja, G. and Lampert, C.M. (2001) ‘Entrepreneurship in the large corporation: a longitudinal study of how established firms create breakthrough inventions’, Strategic Management Journal 22(6–7): 521–543.CrossRef
Aiken, L.S. and West, S.G. (1991) Multiple Regression: Testing and Interpreting Interactions, Sage: Newbury Park.
Anderson, E. and Gatignon, H. (1986) ‘Modes of foreign entry: a transaction cost analysis and propositions’, Journal of International Business Studies 17(3): 1–24.CrossRef
Autio, E., Sapienza, H.J. and Almeida, J.G. (2000) ‘Effects of age at entry, knowledge intensity, and imitability on international growth’, Academy of Management Journal 43(5): 909–924.CrossRef
Barkema, H.G. and Vermeulen, F. (1997) ‘What differences in the cultural backgrounds of partners are detrimental for international joint ventures?’ Journal of International Business Studies 28(4): 845–864.CrossRef
Barkema, H.G. and Vermeulen, F. (1998) ‘International expansion through start-up or acquisition: a learning perspective’, Academy of Management Journal 41(1): 7–26.CrossRef
Barkema, H.G., Baum, J.A.C. and Mannix, E.A. (2002) ‘Management challenges in a new time’, Academy of Management Journal 45(5): 916–930.CrossRef
Barkema, H.G., Bell, J.H.J. and Pennings, J.M. (1996) ‘Foreign entry, cultural barriers and learning’, Strategic Management Journal 17(2): 151–166.CrossRef
Bartlett, C.A. and Ghoshal, S. (1989) Managing across Borders: The Transnational Solution, Hutchinson Business Books: London.
Baum, J.A.C., Li, S.X. and Usher, J.M. (2000) ‘Making the next move: how experiential and vicarious learning shape the locations of chains’ acquisitions’’, Administrative Science Quarterly 45(4): 766–801.CrossRef
Beamish, P.W. and Wang, H.Y. (1989) ‘Investing in China via joint ventures’, Management International Review 29(1): 57–64.
Benito, G.R.G. and Gripsrud, G. (1992) ‘The expansion of foreign direct investments: discrete rational location choices or a cultural learning process?’ Journal of International Business Studies 23(3): 461–476.CrossRef
Benner, M.J. and Tushman, M.L. (2002) ‘Process management and technological innovation: a longitudinal study of the photography and paint industries’, Administrative Science Quarterly 47(4): 676–706.CrossRef
Birkinshaw, J.M. and Morrison, A.J. (1995) ‘Configurations of strategy and structure in subsidiaries of multinational corporations’, Journal of International Business Studies 26(4): 729–753.CrossRef
Brown, S.L. and Eisenhardt, K.M. (1997) ‘The art of continuous change: linking complexity theory and time-paced evolution in relentlessly shifting organizations’, Administrative Science Quarterly 42(1): 1–34.CrossRef
Buckley, P.J. and Ghauri, P.N. (2004) ‘Globalisation, economic geography and the strategy of multinational enterprises’, Journal of International Business Studies 35(2): 81–98.CrossRef
Buckley, P.J., Newbould, G.D. and Thurwell, J. (1978) Going International: The Experience of Smaller Companies Overseas, Associated Business Press: London.
Cohen, W.M. and Levinthal, D.A. (1990) ‘Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation’, Administrative Science Quarterly 35(1): 128–152.CrossRef
Cyert, R.M. and March, J.G. (1963) A Behavioural Theory of the Firm, Blackwell Business: Cambridge.
Darlington, R.B. (1990) Regression and Linear Models, McGraw-Hill: New York.
Delios, A. and Beamish, P.W. (2001) ‘Survival and profitability: the roles of experience and intangible assets in foreign subsidiary performance’, Academy of Management Journal 44(5): 1028–1038.CrossRef
Delios, A. and Henisz, W.J. (2003) ‘Political hazards, experience, and sequential entry strategies: the international expansion of Japanese firms 1980–1998’, Strategic Management Journal 24(11): 1153–1164.CrossRef
Doz, Y.L., Santos, J. and Williamson, P. (2001) From Global to Metanational: How Companies Win in the Knowledge Economy, Harvard Business School Press: Boston.
EBRD (1997) Transition Report: Enterprise Performance and Growth, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development: London.
Engwall, L. and Wallenstål, M. (1988) ‘Tit for tat in small steps: the internationalization of Swedish banks’, Scandinavian Journal of Management 4(2): 147–155.CrossRef
Eriksson, K., Johanson, J., Majkgård, A. and Sharma, D. (1997) ‘Experiential knowledge and cost in the internationalization process’, Journal of International Business Studies 28(2): 337–360.CrossRef
Erramilli, M.K. (1991) ‘The experience factor in foreign market entry behavior of service firms’, Journal of International Business Studies 22(3): 479–501.CrossRef
Erramilli, M.K. and Rao, C.P. (1993) ‘Service firms’ international entry-mode choice: a modified transaction-cost analysis approach’, Journal of Marketing 57(3): 19–38.CrossRef
Feichtinger, C. and Fink, G. (1998) ‘The collective culture shock in transition countries: theoretical and empirical implications’, Leadership and Organizational Development Journal 19(6): 302–324.CrossRef
Finney, J.W., Mitchell, R.E., Cronkite, R.C. and Moos, R.H. (1984) ‘Methodological issues in estimating main and interactive effects: examples from coping/social support and stress field’, Journal of Health and Social Behavior 25(1): 85–98.CrossRef
Friedrich, R.J. (1982) ‘In defense of multiplicative terms in multiple regression equations’, American Journal of Political Science 26(4): 797–833.CrossRef
Gatignon, H. and Anderson, E. (1988) ‘The multinational degree of control over foreign subsidiaries: an empirical test of a transaction cost explanation’, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 4(2): 305–336.
Gavetti, G. and Levinthal, D. (2000) ‘Looking forward and looking backward: cognitive and experiential search’, Administrative Science Quarterly 45(1): 113–137.CrossRef
Geringer, J.M. and Hebert, L. (1991) ‘Measuring performance of international joint ventures’, Journal of International Business Studies 22(2): 249–263.CrossRef
Greenwood, R. and Hinings, J.R. (1993) ‘Understanding strategic change: the contributions of archetypes’, Academy of Management Journal 36(5): 1052–1081.CrossRef
Hair, J.F., Black, B., Babin, B., Anderson, R. and Tatham, R.L. (2006) Multivariate Data Analysis, 6th edn, Prentice-Hall: Upper Saddle River.
Hargadon, A. and Fanelli, A. (2002) ‘Action and possibility: reconciling dual perspectives of knowledge in organizations’, Organization Science 13(3): 290–302.CrossRef
Haunschild, P.R. and Sullivan, B.N. (2002) ‘Learning from complexity: effects of prior accidents and incidents on airlines’ learning’, Administrative Science Quarterly 47(4): 609–643.CrossRef
Hayward, M.L.A. (2002) ‘When do firms learn from their acquisition experience? Evidence from 1990 to 1995’, Strategic Management Journal 23(1): 21–39.CrossRef
He, Z.L. and Wong, P.K. (2004) ‘Exploration vs. exploitation: an empirical test of the ambidexterity hypothesis’, Organization Science 15(4): 481–494.CrossRef
Hedlund, G. and Kverneland, A. (1983) ‘Are entry strategies for foreign markets changing? The Case of Swedish investment in Japan’, reprinted in P.J. Buckley and P.N. Ghauri (eds.) (1993) The Internationalization of the Firm: A Reader, Academic Press Limited: London, pp: 106–123.
Helfat, C.E. (1994) ‘Evolutionary trajectories in petroleum firm R&D’, Management Science 40(12): 1720–1747.CrossRef
Hitt, M.A., Keats, B.W. and DeMarie, S.M. (1998) ‘Navigating in the new competitive landscape: building strategic flexibility and competitive advantage in the 21st century’, Academy of Management Executive 12(4): 22–42.
Hofstede, G. (1980) Culture's Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values, Sage Publications: Beverly Hills.
Hofstede, G. and Bond, M.H. (1988) ‘The Confucius connection: from cultural roots to economic growth’, Organizational Dynamics 16(4): 5–21.CrossRef
Holmqvist, M. (2004) ‘Experiential learning processes of exploitation and exploration within and between organizations: an empirical study of product development’, Organization Science 15(1): 70–81.CrossRef
Hout, T., Porter, M.E. and Rudden, E. (1982) ‘How global companies win out’, Harvard Business Review 60(September–October): 98–108.
Huff, A.S. (1990) ‘Mapping strategic thought’, in Huff, A.S. (ed.) Mapping Strategic Thought, Wiley: Chichester, pp. 11–49.
Hymer, S.H. (1975) The International Operations of National Firms: A Study of Direct Foreign Investment, MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
Jansen, J.J.P., Van den Bosch, F.A.J. and Volberda, H.W. (2006) ‘Exploratory innovation, exploitative innovation, and performance: effects of organizational antecedents and environmental moderators’, Management Science 52(11): 1661–1674.CrossRef
Johanson, J. and Mattson, L.G. (1985) ‘Marketing investments and market investments in industrial networks’, International Journal of Research in Marketing 2(3): 185–195.CrossRef
Johanson, J. and Vahlne, J.-E. (1977) ‘The internationalization process of the firm: a model of knowledge development and increasing foreign market commitments’, Journal of International Business Studies 8(1): 23–32.CrossRef
Johanson, J. and Vahlne, J.-E. (1990) ‘The mechanism of internationalization’, International Marketing Review 7(4): 11–24.CrossRef
Johanson, J. and Wiedersheim-Paul, F. (1975) ‘The internationalization of firms: four Swedish cases’, Journal of Management Studies 12(3): 305–322.CrossRef
Katila, R.A. and Ahuja, G. (2002) ‘Something old, something new: a longitudinal study of search behavior and new product introduction’, Academy of Management Journal 45(6): 1183–1194.CrossRef
Knickerbocker, F.T. (1973) Oligopolistic Reaction and Multinational Enterprise, Harvard Business School Press: Boston, MA.
Kogut, B. and Singh, H. (1988) ‘The effect of national culture on the choice of entry mode’, Journal of International Business Studies 19(3): 411–432.CrossRef
Lei, D., Hitt, M.A. and Bettis, R. (1996) ‘Dynamic core competences through meta-learning and strategic context’, Journal of Management 22(4): 549–569.CrossRef
Levinthal, D.A. (1997) ‘Adaptation on rugged landscapes’, Management Science 43(7): 934–950.CrossRef
Levinthal, D.A. and March, J.G. (1993) ‘The myopia of learning’, Strategic Management Journal 14(Winter Special Issue): 95–112.CrossRef
Levitt, B. and March, J.G. (1988) ‘Organizational learning’, Annual Review of Sociology 14(1): 319–340.CrossRef
Levitt, T. (1983) ‘The globalization of markets’, Harvard Business Review 61(3): 92–102.
Li, J. (1995) ‘Foreign entry and survival: effects of strategic choices on performance in international markets’, Strategic Management Journal 16(5): 333–351.CrossRef
Louis, M.R. and Sutton, R.I. (1991) ‘Switching cognitive gears: from habits of mind to active thinking’, Human Relations 44(1): 55–76.CrossRef
Luthans, F., Stajkovic, A.D. and Ibrayeva, E. (2000) ‘Environmental and psychological challenges facing entrepreneurial development in transitional economies’, Journal of World Business 35(1): 95–110.CrossRef
Makhija, M. and Stewart, A. (2002) ‘The effect of national context on perceptions of risk: a comparison of planned versus free-market managers’, Journal of International Business Studies 33(4): 737–756.CrossRef
March, J.G. (1991) ‘Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning’, Organization Science 2(1): 71–87.CrossRef
March, J.G., Sproull, L.S. and Tamuz, M. (1991) ‘Learning from samples of one or fewer’, Organization Science 2(1): 1–13.CrossRef
Martin, X., Swaminathan, A. and Mitchell, W. (1998) ‘Organizational evolution in the interorganizational environment: incentives and constraints on international expansion strategy’, Administrative Science Quarterly 43(3): 566–601.CrossRef
McGrath, G.R. (2001) ‘Exploratory learning, innovative capacity, and managerial oversight’, Academy of Management Journal 44(1): 118–131.CrossRef
Meyer, K. (1998) Direct Investment in Economies in Transition, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham.
Meyer, K. (2001) ‘Institutions, transaction costs, and entry mode choice in Eastern Europe’, Journal of International Business Studies 32(2): 357–368.CrossRef
Meyer, K.E. and Estrin, S. (2001) ‘Brownfield entry in emerging markets’, Journal of International Business Studies 32(3): 575–584.CrossRef
Meyer, K.E. and Peng, M.W. (2005) ‘Probing theoretically into Central and Eastern Europe: transactions, resources, and institutions’, Journal of International Business Studies 36(6): 600–621.CrossRef
Miller, D. and Chen, M.J. (1994) ‘Sources and consequences of competitive inertia: a study of the US airline industry’, Administrative Science Quarterly 39(1): 1–23.CrossRef
Miller, D. and Chen, M.J. (1996) ‘Nonconformity in competitive repertoires: a sociological view of markets’, Social Forces 74(4): 1209–1234.CrossRef
Murtha, T.P., Lenway, S.A. and Hart, J.A. (2001) Managing New Industry Creation, Global Knowledge Formation and Entrepreneurship in High Technology, Stanford University Press: Stanford.
Neter, J., Kutner, M.H., Nachtsheim, C.J. and Wasserman, W. (1996) Applied Linear Statistical Models, McGraw-Hill: Boston, MA.
Nordström, K. (1991) The Internationalization Process of the Firm: Searching for New Patterns and Explanations, Stockholm School of Economics: Stockholm.
North, D.C. (1990) Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.CrossRef
Peng, M.W. and Heath, P.S. (1996) ‘The growth of the firm in planned economies in transition: institutions, organizations, and strategic choice’, Academy of Management Review 21(2): 492–528.
Penrose, E. (1959) The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Root, F.R. (1987) Entry Strategies for International Markets, Heath: Lexington.
Ronen, S. and Shenkar, O. (1985) ‘Clustering countries on attitudinal dimensions: a review and synthesis’, Academy of Management Review 10(3): 435–454.
Rosenkopf, L. and Nerkar, A. (2001) ‘Beyond local search: boundary-spanning, exploration, and impact in the optical disc industry’, Strategic Management Journal 22(4): 287–306.CrossRef
Rothaermel, F.T. and Deeds, D.L. (2004) ‘Exploration and exploitation alliances in biotechnology: a system of new product development’, Strategic Management Journal 25(3): 201–222.CrossRef
Rugman, A.M. and Verbeke, A. (2004) ‘A perspective on regional and global strategies of multinational enterprises’, Journal of International Business Studies 35(1): 3–18.CrossRef
Schneider, S.S. and De Meyer, A. (1991) ‘Interpreting and responding to strategic issues: the impact of national culture’, Strategic Management Journal 12(4): 307–320.CrossRef
Shaver, J.M., Mitchell, W. and Yeung, B. (1997) ‘The effect of own-firm and other-firm experience on foreign direct investment survival in the United States, 1987–1992’, Strategic Management Journal 18(10): 811–824.CrossRef
Shenkar, O. (2004) ‘One more time: international business in a global economy’, Journal of International Business Studies 35(2): 161–171.CrossRef
Sidhu, J.S., Commandeur, H.R. and Volberda, H.W. (2007) ‘The multifaceted nature of exploration and exploitation: value of supply, demand, and spatial search for innovation’, Organization Science 18(1): 20–38.CrossRef
Siggelkow, N. and Levinthal, D.A. (2003) ‘Temporarily divide to conquer: centralized, decentralized, and reintegrated organizational approaches to exploration and adaptation’, Organization Science 14(6): 650–669.CrossRef
Stuart, T.E. and Podolny, J.M. (1996) ‘Local search and the evolution of technological capabilities’, Strategic Management Journal 17(Special Issue): 21–38.
Thomas, J.B., Watts Sussman, S. and Henderson, J.C. (2001) ‘Understanding “strategic learning”: linking organizational learning, knowledge management, and sensemaking’, Organization Science 12(3): 331–345.CrossRef
Uhlenbruck, K. (2004) ‘Developing acquired foreign subsidiaries: the experience of MNEs in transition economies’, Journal of International Business Studies 35(2): 109–123.CrossRef
United Nations Conference on Trade Development (UNCTAD) (2005) World Investment Report 2005: Transnational Corporations and the Internationalization of R&D, United Nations: New York/Geneva.
Vernon, R. (1966) ‘International investment and international trade in the product cycle’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 80(2): 190–207.CrossRef
Walsh, J.P. (1995) ‘Managerial and organizational cognition: notes from a trip down memory lane’, Organization Science 6(3): 280–321.CrossRef
Winter, S.G. and Szulanski, G. (2001) ‘Replication as strategy’, Organization Science 12(6): 730–743.CrossRef
Wooster, R.B. (2006) ‘US companies in transition economies: wealth effects from expansion between 1987 and 1999’, Journal of International Business Studies 37(2): 179–195.CrossRef
World Bank (1996) World Development Report: From Plan to Market, World Bank: Washington.
Yelle, L.E. (1979) ‘The learning curve: historical review and comprehensive survey’, Decision Sciences 10(2): 302–328.CrossRef
Yip, G.S., Biscarri, J.G. and Monti, J.A. (2000) ‘The role of the internationalization process in the performance of newly internationalizing firms’, Journal of International Marketing 8(3): 10–35.CrossRef
Zollo, M. and Winter, S.G. (2002) ‘Deliberate learning and the evolution of dynamic capabilities’, Organization Science 13(3): 339–351.CrossRef