Association of African Universities (1997) ‘Revitalizing Universities in Africa: strategy and guidelines’, Washington DC: The World Bank.
Banya, K. (2001) ‘Are private universities the solution to the higher education crisis in sub-Saharan Africa?’ Higher Education Policy 14 (2): 161–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barr, N. (1998) ‘Market forces and education’, Washington DC: The World Bank.
Bowman, M.J. (1962) ‘Human Capital: Concepts and Measures’, in S.J. Mushkin (ed.) Economics of Higher Education, Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
Coleman, J.S. and Court, D. (1993) University Development in Third World, Oxford: Pergamon.Google Scholar
Court, D. (1990) ‘The development ideal in higher education: the case of Kenya and Tanzania’, Higher Education 9: 657–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Court, D. (1999) ‘Financing higher education in Africa: Makerere, the quiet revolution’, Washington DC: The World Bank.
Daily Nation (DN) (2002, April) ‘Time ripe to review varsity intake’.
East African Standard (EAS) (2002) ‘Shattering the pipe dream’.
Eisemon, T. (1991) ‘Private initiatives and traditions of state control in higher education’, World Bank, Population and Human Resource Development (mimeo).
Eisemon, T. (1992) ‘Private initiatives in higher education in Kenya’, Higher Education 24 (2): 157–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisemon, T. and Salmi, J. (1993) ‘African Universities and the State: prospects for reform in Senegal and Uganda’, Higher Education 25: 151–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haddad, W. (1990) ‘Education for all. The role of international Aid’, Prospect 20 (4): 525–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harbison, F. and Myers, C. (1996) Education, Manpower and Economic Growth, New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.Google Scholar
Heyneman, S.P. (1999) ‘Education in sub-Saharan Africa: serious problems, significant opportunities’, Report Presented at the African Summit Conference, Houston, Texas, April 24.
Heyneman, S.P. (2000) ‘A renewed sense of purpose of schooling: education and social cohesion in Africa, Latin America, Asia & Europe’, Prospect 30 (2): 145–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinchcliffe, K. (1987) Higher Education in sub-Saharan Africa, London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
Johnston, D.B., Alka, Arora and William, Experton (1998) ‘The financing and management of higher education: a status report on World reforms’, Washington DC.: The World Bank.
Nafukho, M.F. and Verman, S. (2001) ‘A comparison of the efficiency and equity implications of university loan programs in the United States and in Kenya’, Journal of Third World Studies 18 (2): 187–207.Google Scholar
Ogada, T.P. (2000) ‘Need for establishing innovation and invention in support structures or services in universities in developing countries’, Paper Presented at the Intellectual Property Organization Regional Seminar, Tanzania pp, 1–10.
Oketch, M.O. (2000) ‘Costing and financing higher education for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Kenya's Case’, International Educational Journal ej 3.
Oketch, M.O. and Amutabi, M. (2002) ‘Privatization of higher education in Kenya: prospects and problems’, Paper Presented at the Annual Centre for African Studies Conference University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign/CODESRIA, Dakar, Senegal.
Republic of Kenya (1997 and 1998) National Development Plans, Nairobi: Government Printer.
Republic of Kenya (1995) The higher education loans board act 1995 in The Kenya Gazette Supplements Acts 1995 No. 47 (Act No. 4), Nairobi. Government Printer.
Rodrigues, A.J. and Wandiga, S.O. (1997) ‘Cost-sharing in public universities: a Kenyan case study’, Higher Education Policy 10 (1): 55–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saint, W. (1992) Universities in Africa: Strategies for Stability and Revitalization, Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
Schults, T.W. (1960) ‘Capital formation by education’, Journal of Political Economy 68: 571–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schultz, T.W. (1961) ‘Investment in human capital’, American Economic Review 5: 1–7.Google Scholar
Schultz, T.W. (1962) ‘Rise in the Capital Stock Represented by Education in the United States, 1950–57’, in S.J. Mushkin (ed.) Economics of Higher Education, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
Schultz, T.W. (1963) The Economic Value of Education, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
UNDP (1996) Human Development Report, New York: Oxford University Press.
Williams, G. (1996) ‘The many faces of privatization’, Higher Education Management 8 (3).
Woodhall, M. (2001) ‘Financing higher education. The potential contribution of fees and student loans. International Higher Education’, Center for International Higher Education, Boston College.
World Bank (1990) Adjustment lending policies for sustainable growth, Washington, DC: The World Bank.
World Bank (1995) Priorities and strategies for education: a review, Washington, DC: The World Bank.
World Bank (2000) ‘Higher education in developing countries: peril and promise’, Washington DC: The World Bank.