Journal of Public Health Policy

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 300–310

Breast feeding: A time to craft new policies

Authors

    • HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York Psychiatric Institute
    • Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
    • Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
  • Louise Kuhn
    • Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
    • Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
Original Article

DOI: 10.1057/jphp.2009.23

Cite this article as:
Stein, Z. & Kuhn, L. J Public Health Pol (2009) 30: 300. doi:10.1057/jphp.2009.23

Abstract

New studies of breastfeeding have discovered or confirmed the benefits to mother and child. They reinforce an emphasis on exclusive breastfeeding – no other food or fluids – during the first 6 months. Studies include findings from across the world, in well-resourced and poorly resourced settings. They also emphasize longer duration of breastfeeding, into the second year of life, and gradual rather than abrupt weaning. For HIV-infected mothers, the dangers of non-exclusive feeding in the first half year of life have been well documented in recent publications. Other studies open up the possibilities for antiretroviral treatment to accompany breastfeeding, whether given to the mother, or child, or both. To be effective, implementation of any recommendations must consider individual, family, and community resources.

Keywords

breastfeedingHIVweaningexclusiveantiretroviralsinfant mortality

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan 2009