Eastern Economic Journal

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 512–524

Sleep and Student Achievement

  • Eric R Eide
  • Mark H Showalter

DOI: 10.1057/eej.2011.33

Cite this article as:
Eide, E. & Showalter, M. Eastern Econ J (2012) 38: 512. doi:10.1057/eej.2011.33


We explore the relationship between sleep and student performance on standardized tests. We model test scores as a nonlinear function of sleep, which allows us to compute the hours of sleep associated with maximum test scores. We refer to this as “optimal” hours of sleep. We also evaluate how the sleep and student performance relationship changes with age. We use the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement, which includes excellent control variables that are not usually available in sleep studies. We find a statistically significant relationship between sleep and test scores. We also find that optimal hours of sleep decline with age.


sleepPSID-CDStest scoresacademic achievement

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Copyright information

© Eastern Economic Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric R Eide
    • 1
  • Mark H Showalter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics, Brigham Young UniversityProvoUSA