Comparative Economic Studies

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 99–119

The Penn Effect and Transition: The New EU Member States in International Perspective


  • Richard Frensch
    • Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, University of Regensburg
  • Achim Schmillen
    • Institute for Employment Research, Institute for East and Southeast European Studies
Regular Article

DOI: 10.1057/ces.2012.35

Cite this article as:
Frensch, R. & Schmillen, A. Comp Econ Stud (2013) 55: 99. doi:10.1057/ces.2012.35


We aim to put comparative price developments of transition economies in an international perspective. We argue that estimating simple price-productivity relationships without the inclusion of other explanatory factors connected to reform effort might severely bias estimates for CEEC and CIS economies. Our results imply that, when controlling for reform effort and therefore avoiding this endogeneity problem, the price-productivity elasticity for CEEC and CIS economies was not different from that of non-transition economies during the first 15 years of transition.





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© Association for Comparative Economics 2013