Aitken, I. (1994) Keep Labour's feet close to the roots. The Guardian 22 June: 27.
Baldwin, T. (2002) New Labour loses shine as members depart in droves. The Times 28 January.
Baldwin, T. and Webster, P. (1999) Labour ‘losing touch’ with its grass roots. The Times 22 June.
BBC On The Record. (1993a) Interview with Tony Blair. transcript, 17 January.
BBC On The Record. (1993b) Interview with Gordon Brown. transcript, 26 September.
Black, A. (2000 onwards, various years) blog, Archive of NEC meetings. available at: http://www.annblack.com/nec_directory.htm
, until 2008 and http://www.labourblogs.com/public-blog/annblack
Black, A (2012a) email, 4 July.
Bond, R. (1999) Situating the Blair membership boom within its social and political context. Scottish Affairs 26: 47–51.CrossRef
Brown, G. (1987) Picking up the pieces. The Guardian 27 June.
Brown, G. (1993) Making Mass Membership Work. London: G. Brown.
Brown, G. (2007) Extending and Renewing Party Democracy. London: Progress.
Dawson, T. (1995) Brown's cool days. The Sunday Times 26 November.
Denham, J. (2003) Rebuilding the Left's political base. In: M. Browne and P. Diamond (eds.) Rethinking Social Democracy. London: Policy Network, pp. 301–309.
Denver, D. and Hands, G. (1998) Constituency campaigning in the 1997 General Election. In: I. Crewe, B. Gosschalk and J. Bartle (eds.) Why Labour Won the General Election of 1997. London: Cass, pp. 75–92.
Fisher, J. (2000) Small kingdoms and crumbling organisations: Examining the variation in constituency party membership and resources. British Elections & Parties Review 10(1): 133–150.CrossRef
Fisher, J., Denver, D. and Hands, G. (2006) The relative electoral impact of central party co-ordination and size of party membership at constituency level. Electoral Studies 25(4): 664–676.CrossRef
Grice, A (1999) Barbecue man is defecting from Blair's local party. The Independent 6 March: 3.
Hetherington, P. (1994) Blair method modelled on pit village success. The Guardian 28 May: 8.
Hughes, C. (1998) The Guardian Profile: Gordon Brown. The Guardian 26 September: 6.
Innes, J. (2002) Labour party strength drops by 10 per cent. The Scotsman 28 January: 9.
Jones, P. (1993) Labour's low fee doubles recruits. The Scotsman 9 August.
Kavanagh, D. and Cowley, P. (2010) The British General Election of 2010. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kellner, P. (2012) Labour's lost votes. Prospect, 200 November 2012.
Labour party. (1999) 21st Century Party Members – The Key to Our Future. London: Labour Party.
Labour party. (2010) The Labour Party Internal Elections 2010. London: Labour party.
Labour party. (2011) Refounding Labour to Win a Party for the New Generation. London: Labour party.
Lloyd, C. (2010) The end of an era as club calls it time. Northern Echo 22 July: 12.
Macleod, C. (1996) Review casts doubts over role of NEC. The Herald 31 July: 6.
Maguire, K. (2003) Labour loyalists dismiss the froth. The Guardian 14 May: 8.
Mair, P. (1997) Party System Change. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Mair, P. (2000) Partyless Democracy. New Left Review, 2, April-Mair.
Mair, P. and van Biezen, I. (2001) Party membership in twenty European democracies, 1980–2000. Party Politics 7(5): 5–21.CrossRef
Mandelson, P. and Liddle, R. (1996) The Blair Revolution. London: Faber.
Marshall, J. (2009) Membership of UK Political Parties. London: House of Commons Library.
McSmith, A. (1998) Old activists reign as new recruits ditch Labour. The Observer 18 January: 4.
National Executive Committee (NEC) (various years). Annual Report. London: Labour party.
Pierce, A. (2000) Blair local activists defect to ‘traditional’ socialism. The Times 11 May.
Pithers, M (1994) Constituency ready to cheer leadership favourite home. The Independent 20 July: 6.
Purnell, J. (2012) The land and the sea. In: D. Kavanagh (ed.) Philip Gould An Unfinished Life. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 92–107.CrossRef
Putnam, R. (2001) Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Rentoul, J. (1995) Tony Blair. London: Little Brown.
Rentoul, J. (1997) Labour's rank and file army swells to 400,000. The Independent 4 January: 6.
Routledge, P. (1993) Secret paper says Labour membership only 90,000. The Observer 28 February: 2.
Russell, M (2005) Building New Labour. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRef
Scarrow, S. (2000) Parties without members? Party organization in a changing electoral environment. In: R.J. Dalton and M. Wattenburg (eds.) Parties without Partisans. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 79–101.
Scarrow, S. and Gezgor, B. (2010) Declining memberships, changing members? European political party members in a new era. Party Politics 16(6): 823–843.CrossRef
Seyd, P. (1993) The Great Transformation. In: Anthony King et al (eds.) Britain at the Polls. London: Chatham House, pp. 70–100.
Seyd, P. and Whiteley, P. (1992) Labour's Grassroots. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Seyd, P. and Whiteley, P. (2002) New Labour's Grassroots. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRef
Seyd, P. and Whiteley, P. (2004) British party members an overview. Party Politics 10(4): 355–366.CrossRef
Sherman, J. (1993) Labour's drive finds few takers on doorsteps of Dunfermline. The Times, 7 September.
Smith, J. (2000) Labour ‘has lost 50,000 members’. The Independent 30 May: 8.
Smyth, G. (1996) ‘The centre of my political life’: Tony Blair's Sedgefield. In: M. Perryman (ed.) The Blair Agenda. London: Lawrence and Wishart, pp. 63–75.
Tanner, D. (2000) Labour and its members. In: D. Tanner, P. Thane and N. Tiratsoo (eds.) Labour's First Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 248–280.
Timmins, N. (1992) Sedgefield points the way for Labour. The Independent 29 May: 8.
van Biezen, I., Mair, P. and Poguntke, T. (2012) Going, going,… gone? The decline of party membership in contemporary Europe. European Journal of Political Research 51(1): 24–56.CrossRef
Walden, B. (1993) Interview with Tony Blair. Transcript, 26 September 1993.
Watt, N. (1998) Blair plans grassroots shake-up to weaken power of Old Labour. The Guardian 15.
Webb, P. (2002) Conclusion: Political parties and democratic control in advanced industrial societies. In: P. Webb, D. Farrell and I. Holliday (eds.) Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 438–460.CrossRef
Webster, P. (1991) Sedgefield has something to teach the members. The Times 2 October.
Whiteley, P. (2009) Where have all the members gone? Parliamentary Affairs 62(2): 242–257.CrossRef
Whiteley, P. (2010) Is the party over? The decline of party activism and membership across the democratic world. Party Politics 17(1): 21–44.CrossRef
Whiteley, P. and Seyd, P. (1992) Labour's vote and local activism. Parliamentary Affairs 45(4): 582–595.
Whiteley, P. and Seyd, P. (2000) Grassroots gains. The Guardian 8 March: 21.
Whiteley, P. and Seyd, P. (2001) Party people. The Guardian 27 March: 17.
Whiteley, P. and Seyd, P. (2002) High-Intensity Participation. Ann Arbor, MI: Michigan University Press.CrossRef
Wilson, P. (1999) The Roots of New Labour Building on the Sedgefield Experience. London: Progress.