Original Articles

Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 12, Issue 7, pp 412-415

First online:

Increasing the use of advance directives in medical outpatients

  • Frank J. LandryAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Uniformed Services, University of the health Sciences
  • , Kurt KroenkeAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Uniformed Services, University of the health Sciences
  • , Chris LucasAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Uniformed Services, University of the health Sciences
  • , Jean ReederAffiliated withWalter Reed Army Medical Center

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Abstract

Objective

We studied whether a simple educational intervention would increase patient completion of advance directives and discussions on end-of-life issues.

Design

Randomized, controlled trial.

Setting

Outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital.

Subjects

One hundred eighty-seven outpatients of a primary care internal medicine clinic.

Intervention

Study subjects attended a 1-hour interactive seminar and received an informational pamphlet and advance directive forms. Control subjects received by mail the pamphlet and forms only.

Measurements and main results

Completion of the advance directive was the main measurement. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics of either group. Follow-up at 1 month revealed advance directive completion in 38% of study versus 24% of control subjects (p=.04), and discussions on advance planning in 73% of study versus 57% of control subjects (p=.02). Patients most likely to complete the documents were white, married, or attendees at the educational seminar.

Conclusions

Interactive group seminars for medical outpatients increased discussions and use of written advance directives.

Key words

advance directives living wills