High-level production of D-mannitol with membrane cell-recycle bioreactor

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Ten heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria were compared in their ability to produce D-mannitol from D-fructose in a resting state. The best strain, Leuconostoc mesenteroides ATCC-9135, was examined in high cell density membrane cell-recycle cultures. High volumetric mannitol productivity (26.2 g l−1 h−1) and mannitol yield (97 mol%) were achieved. Using the same initial biomass, a stable high-level production of mannitol was maintained for 14 successive bioconversion batches. Applying response surface methodology, the temperature and pH were studied with respect to specific mannitol productivity and yield. Moreover, increasing the initial fructose concentration from 100 to 120 and 140 g l−1 resulted in decreased productivities due to both substrate and end-product inhibition of the key enzyme, mannitol dehydrogenase (MDH). Nitrogen gas flushing of the bioconversion media was unnecessary, since it did not change the essential process parameters. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology (2002) 29, 44–49 doi:10.1038/sj.jim.7000262

Received 12 November 2001/ Accepted in revised form 30 March 2002