Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 163–169

Cross-genomic analysis of the translational systems of various organisms

  • K Fujita
  • T Horie
  • K Isono

DOI: 10.1038/sj.jim.7000093

Cite this article as:
Fujita, K., Horie, T. & Isono, K. J Ind Microbiol Biotech (2001) 27: 163. doi:10.1038/sj.jim.7000093

We have characterized the genes encoding ribosomal proteins (r-proteins) as well as other translation-related factors of 15 eubacteria and four archaebacteria, and the genes for the mitochondrial r-proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by using the complete genomic nucleotide sequence data of these organisms. In eubacteria, including two species of Mycoplasma, the operon structure of the r-protein genes is well conserved, while their relative orientation and chromosomal location are quite divergent. The operon structure of the r-protein genes in archaebacteria, on the other hand, is quite different from eubacteria and also among themselves. In addition, many archaebacterial r-proteins show similarity to rat cytoplasmic r-proteins. Nonetheless, characteristic features of several genes encoding proteins of functional importance are well conserved throughout the bacterial species including archaebacteria, as well as in S. cerevisiae. We searched for the genes encoding mitochondrial r-proteins in yeast by combining informatics and genetic experiments. Furthermore, we characterized some of the r-proteins genes by exchanging portions between Escherichia coli and S. cerevisiae and performed functional analysis of some of the genes from different evolutionary points of view. Our work may be extended towards phylogenetic analysis of organisms producing secondary metabolites of various sorts. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology (2001) 27, 163–169.

Keywords: genome data; ribosomal proteins; phylogenetic relationship; mitochondrial ribosomes 

Copyright information

© Society for Industrial Microbiology 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • K Fujita
    • 1
  • T Horie
    • 1
  • K Isono
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, JapanJP
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, JapanJP

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