Language Policy

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 47-66

First online:

Bilingual Schooling in Mozambique and Bolivia: From Experimentation to Implementation

  • Carol BensonAffiliated withCentre for Research on Bilingualism, Stockholm University

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While there is renewed interest in bilingual schooling in developing countries, many systems have found it difficult to move from the experimental phase to more generalized implementation. Highlighting educational development in the cases of Mozambique and Bolivia, while also providing examples from other countries in which the author has worked,this paper discusses steps taken toward implementing bilingual education, beginning with findings from research on bilingual schools, challenges to implementation, strategies that may or may not lead to implementation, and finally what can be learned from an examination of the whole process.

bilingual education Bolivia Education for All educational development Mozambique primary education