Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 7-23

First online:

The Effects of Work and Community Resources and Demands on Family Integration

  • Patricia VoydanoffAffiliated withCenter for Leadership in Community, University of Dayton

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This paper uses interviews with 1,156 married dual-earner parents of children aged 10–17 from the 1992–1994 National Survey of Families and Households to examine relationships between work and community resources and demands and two aspects of family integration: activities with adolescents and family cohesion. The results indicate that mothers' shorter paid work hours and fathers' lower participation in community-professional organizations and moderate and high levels of informal helping are positively related to activities with adolescents, whereas moderate and high levels of participation in organized youth activities are positively related to family integration. Community-based subjective resources are positively related to family integration, whereas work-based subjective demands are negatively related to family cohesion. The findings generally are similar for mothers and fathers.

community participation economic strain family integration paid work hours resources demands