Why Parents Matter!: The Conceptual Basis for a Community-Based HIV Prevention Program for the Parents of African American Youth
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The Parents Matter! Program (PMP) is a community-based family intervention designed to promote positive parenting and effective parent-child communication about sexuality and sexual risk reduction. Its ultimate goal is to reduce sexual risk behavior among adolescents. PMP offers parents instruction and guidance in general parenting skills related to decreased sexual risk behavior among youth (e.g., relationship building, monitoring) and sexual communication skills necessary for parents to effectively convey their values and expectations about sexual behavior—as well as critical HIV, STD, and pregnancy prevention messages—to their children. We briefly review the literature concerning parental influences on adolescent sexual risk behavior and present the conceptual model and theoretical foundation upon which PMP is based.
Alan Guttmacher Institute. (1994). Sex and America's teenagers. New York: Author.
Armistead, L., Clark, H., Barber, C. N., Hugley, B. A., Dorsey, S., & Favors, M. (2004). Participant retention in the Parents Matter! Program: Strategies and outcome. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 67-80.
Ball, J. B., Pelton, J., & Forehand, R. (2004). Methodological overview of the Parents Matter! Program. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 21-34.
Bandura, A. (1975). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Barber, B. K., Olsen, J. E., & Shagle, S. C. (1994). Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. Child Development, 65, 1120-1136.
Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T., Foshee, V. A., Pemberton, M., King, T. S., & Koch, G. G. (2002). Influence of a family program on adolescent smoking and drinking prevalence. Prevention Science, 3, 35-42.
Baumrind, D. (1991). Effective parenting during the early adolescent transition. In P.A. Cowan & E.M. Hetherington (Eds.), Family transitions (pp. 111-163). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Burstein, G. R., Gaydos, C. A., Diener-West, M., Howell, M. R., Zenilman, J. M., & Quinn, T. C. (1998). Incident Chlamydia trachomatis infections among inner-city adolescent females. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280, 521-526.
Carabasi, J. M., Greene, W., & Bernt, F. (1992). Preliminary findings from the Survey about AIDS for Seventh and Eighth Graders (SASEG). AIDS Education and Prevention, 4, 240-250.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1998). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 9, (No. 2), 1-43.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 13(1).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance United States, 2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Surveillance Summary, 51(SS04), 1-62.
Dittus, P., & Jaccard, J. (2000). The relationship of adolescent perceptions of maternal disapproval of sex and of the mother-adolescent relationship to sexual outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 26, 268-278.
Dittus, P. J., Jaccard, J., & Gordon, V. V. (1999). Direct and non-direct communication of maternal beliefs to adolescents: Adolescent motivation for premarital sexual activity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 1927-1963.
Dutra, R., Miller, K. S., & Forehand, R. (1999). The process and content of sexual communication with adolescents in two-parent families: Associations with sexual risk-taking behavior. AIDS and Behavior, 3, 59-66.
Elmquist, D. L. (1995). A systematic review of parent-oriented programs to prevent children's use of alcohol and other drugs. Journal of Drug Education, 23, 251-279.
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Forehand, R., & Kotchick, B. A. (1996). Cultural diversity: A wake-up call for parent training. Behavior Therapy, 27, 187-206.
Howell, M. R., Quinn, T. A., & Gaydos, C. A. (1998). Screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in asymptomatic women attending family planning clinics: A cost-effectiveness analysis of three strategies. Annals of Internal Medicine, 128, 277-284.
Institute of Medicine. (1997). The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Jaccard, J. Dittus, P. J., & Gordon, V. V. (1998). Parent-adolescent congruency in reports of adolescent sexual behavior and in communications about sexual behavior. Child Development, 69, 247-261.
Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. M. (1991). Beyond adolescence: Problem behavior and young adult development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. (1977). Problem behavior and psychosocial development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.
Kaiser Family Foundation (1999). Kids ready to talk about today's tough issues before their parents are: Sex, AIDS, violence and drugs/alcohol. Available: http://www/kff.org. Retrieved: March 1, 1999.
Karofsky, P., Zeng, L., & Kosorok, M. R. (2000). Relationship between adolescent-parental communication and initiation of first intercourse by adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28, 41-45.
Kirby, D., Short, L., Collins, J., Rugg, D., Kolbe, L., Howard, M., Miller, B., Sonenstein, F., & Zahn, L. S. (1994). School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: A review of effectiveness. Public Health Reports, 109, 339-360.
Kotchick, B. A., Dorsey, S., Miller, K. S., & Forehand, R. (1999). Adolescent sexual risk-taking behavior in a single-parent ethnic minority families. Journal of Family Psychology, 13, 93-102.
Kotchick, B. A., Forehand, R. (2002). Putting parenting in perspective: A discussion of the contextual factors that shape parenting practices. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 11, 255-269.
Kotchick, B. A., Shaffer, A., Dorsey, S., & Forehand, R. (in press). Parenting antisocial children and adolescents. In M. Hoghughi & N. Long (Eds.), SAGE handbook of parenting. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Kotchick, B. A., Shaffer, A., Forehand, R., & Miller, K. (2001). Adolescent sexual risk behavior: A multi-system perspective. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 493-519.
Leland, N., & Barth, R. (1993). Characteristics of adolescents who have attempted to avoid HIV and who have communicated with parents about sex. Journal of Adolescent Research, 8, 58-76.
Li, X., Feigelman, S., & Stanton, B. (2000). Perceived parental monitoring and health risk behaviors among urban low-income African-American children and adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27, 43-48.
Long, N., Austin, B. J., Kelly, A., Gardner, A., Dunn, R., Gound, M., Blacknall, S., & Miller, K. (2004). The PMP interventions: Content and the facilitation process. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 47-65.
Luster, T., & Small, S. A. (1994). Factors associated with sexual risk-taking behaviors among adolescents. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 622-632.
Miller, B. C., Norton, M. C., Fan, I., & Christopherson, C. R. (1998). Pubertal development, parental communication, and sexual values in relation to adolescent sexual behavior. Journal of Early Adolescence, 18, 27-52.
Miller, K. S., Clark, L. F., & Moore, J. S. (1997). Sexual initiation with older male partners and subsequent HIV risk behavior among female adolescents. Family Planning Perspectives, 29, 212-214.
Miller, K. S., Forehand, R., & Kotchick, B. (1999). Adolescent sexual behavior in two ethnic minority samples: The role of family variables. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 85-98.
Miller, K. S., Kotchick, B. A., Dorsey, S., Forehand, R., & Ham, A. Y. (1998). Family communication about sex: What are parents saying and are their adolescents listening? Family Planning Perspectives, 30, 218-222.
Miller, K. S., Levin, M. L., Whitaker, D. J., & Xu, X. (1998). Patterns of condom use among adolescents: The impact of mother-adolescent communication. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1542-1544.
Minnis, A. M., & Padian, N. S. (2001). Choice of female-controlled barrier methods among young women and their male sexual partners. Family Planning Perspectives, 33, 28-34.
Murry, V. M., Kotchick, B., Wallace, S., Ketchen, B., Eddings, K., Heller, L., & Collier, I. (2004). Race, culture, and ethnicity: Implications for a community intervention. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 81-99.
Pick, S., & Palos, P. A. (1995). Impact of the family on the sex lives of adolescents. Adolescence, 30, 667-675.
Rodgers, K. B. (1999). Parenting processes related to sexual risk-taking behaviors of adolescent males and females. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 99-109.
Romer, D., Black, M., Ricardo, I., Feigelman, S., Kaljee, L., Galbraith, J., Nesbit, R., Hornik, R., & Stanton, B. (1994). Social influences on the sexual behavior of youth at risk for HIV exposure. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 977-985.
Rosenberg P. S., Biggar R. J., & Goedert J. J. (1994). Declining age at HIV infection in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 789-790.
Scaramella, L. V., Conger, R. D., Simons, R. L., & Whitbeck, L. B. (1998). Predicting risk for pregnancy by late adolescence: A social contextual perspective. Developmental Psychology, 34, 1233-1245.
Secrest, L., Lassiter, S., Armistead, L. P., Wycoff, S., Johnson, J., Bryant Williams, W., & Kotchick, B. A. (2004). The Parents Matter! Program: Building a successful investigator-community partnership. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 13, 35-45.
Seligman, C. K., Mukai, T., Woods, T., & Alfeld, C. (1995). Parents' contributions to children's knowledge and attitudes regarding AIDS: Another look. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 20, 61-77.
Shrier, L. A., Goodman, E., & Emans, S. J. (1999). Partner condom use among adolescent girls with sexually transmitted diseases. Journal of Adolescent Health, 24, 357-361.
Steinberg, L. (1987). Familial factors in delinquency: A developmental perspective. Journal of Adolescent Research, 2, 255-268.
The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2002). The implementation of the Fast Track Program: An example of a large-scale prevention science efficacy trial. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 1-17.
Tubman, J. G., Windle, M., & Windle, R. C. (1996). The onset and cross-temporal patterning of sexual intercourse in middle adolescence: Prospective relations with behavioral and emotional problems. Child Development, 67, 327-343.
Wagstaff, D. A., Delameter, J. D., & Havens, K. K. (1999). Subsequent infection among adolescent African-American males attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic. Journal of Adolescent Health, 25, 217-226.
Whitaker, D. J., & Miller, K. S. (2000). Parent-adolescent discussions about sex and condoms. Journal of Adolescent Research, 15, 251-273.
Whitaker, D. J., Miller, K. S., May, D. C., & Levin, M. L. (1999). Teenage partners' communication about sexual risk and condom use: Importance of parent-teenager communication. Family Planning Perspectives, 31, 117-121.
- Why Parents Matter!: The Conceptual Basis for a Community-Based HIV Prevention Program for the Parents of African American Youth
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 13, Issue 1 , pp 5-20
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Parents Matter! Program
- conceptual model
- parenting influences
- adolescent sexual risk behavior
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
- 2. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
- 3. Psychology Department, Loyola College in Maryland, Baltimore, MD
- 4. Psychology Department, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT
- 5. Institute for Behavioral Research, University of Georgia, Athens, GA