Article

Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 279-305

US Energy Conservation and Efficiency: Benefits and Costs

  • D. PimentelAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , A. PleasantAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , J. BarronAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , J. GaudiosoAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , N. PollockAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , E. ChaeAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , Y. KimAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , A. LassiterAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
  • , C. SchiavoniAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
    • , A. JacksonAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
    • , M. LeeAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
    • , A. EATONAffiliated withCollege of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University

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Abstract

With increased energy conservation plus the adoption of diverse energy efficient technologies, the US economy could save about 32 quads or about 33% of its current energy consumption, if sound conservation energy use policies were implemented over approximately 10 years. This potential of 32 quads is slightly greater than the current US oil imports. The systems that have the greatest potential to provide major energy savings are transportation, residential energy use, and the food system. Not only saving energy has merit in itself, but it would save US citizens approximately $438 billion per year, helping support the US economy, a high standard of living, and energy security. In addition, this analysis suggests that reducing the $40 billion in taxpayer money spent on subsidies of the energy industries would further increase conservation.

benefits conservation efficiency energy