Current Issues in Statistics and Models for Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment
- Cite this article as:
- van der Hoeven, N. Acta Biotheor (2004) 52: 201. doi:10.1023/B:ACBI.0000043442.05899.8c
A review is given on statistical and modelling issues in ecotoxicology. The issues discussed are:
1. How to estimate an (almost) no effect concentration chemicals in the laboratory.
2. Combining single-species acceptable effect levels to an acceptable effect level for a multi-species ecosystem.
3. The combined effect of exposure to several chemicals.
4. Bioavailability in the natural environment and food-web models.
Most current procedures in setting standards allow the environmental concentration to be above the acceptable effect concentration for a small fraction of the species. It is shown that a considerable part of the fraction of the affected species will suffer a severe effect.