Growth promotion of red pepper plug seedlings and the production of gibberellins by Bacillus cereus, Bacillus macroides and Bacillus pumilus
Cite this article as: Joo, G., Kim, Y., Lee, I. et al. Biotechnology Letters (2004) 26: 487. doi:10.1023/B:BILE.0000019555.87121.34
The growth of red pepper plug seedlings was promoted by
Bacillus cereus MJ-1, B. macroides CJ-29, and B. pumilus CJ-69 isolated from the rhizosphere. Gibberellins (GAs), a well-known plant growth-promoting hormone, were detected in the culture broth of their rhizobacteria. Among the GAs, the contents of GA 1, GA 3, GA 4, and GA 7, physiologically active GAs, were comparatively higher than those of others, suggesting that the growth promoting effect was originated from the GAs. This is the first report on the production of GA 5, GA 8, GA 34, GA 44, and GA 53 by bacteria.
plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria
Atzhorn R, Crozier A, Wheeler, CT, Sandberg G (1988) Production of gibberellins and indole-3-acetic acid by
Rhizobium phaseoli in relation to nodulation of Phaseolus vulgaris roots. Planta
Bastian F, Cohen A, Piccoli P, Luna V, Baraldi R, Bottini R (1998) Production of indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellins A1 and A3 by
Acetobacter diazotrophicus and Herbaspirillum seropedicae in chemically defined media. Plant Growth Regul.
Bottini R, Fulchieri M, Pearce D, Pharis RP (1989) Identification of gibberellins A1, A3, and iso-A3 in cultures of
Azospirillum lipoferum. Plant Physiol. 90: 45–47.
Gaskin P, MacMillan J (1991)
GC-MS of Gibberellins and Related Compounds: Methodology and a Library of Reference Spectra. Cantocks Enterprises, Bristol, UK.
Gutierrez-Manero FJ, Ramos-Solano B, Probanza A, Mehouachi J, Tadeo FR, Talon M (2001) The plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria
Bacillus pumilis and Bacillus licheniformis produce high amounts of physiologically active gibberellins. Physiol. Plant
Janzen RA, Rood SB, Dormaar JF, McGill WB (1992)
Azospirillum brasilense produces gibberellin in pure culture on chemically defined medium and in co-culture on straw. Soil Biol. Biochem.
Kloepper JW (1993) Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as biological control agents. In: F.B.J. Metting, ed.
Soil Microbial Ecology. New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 255–274.
Lee IJ, Foster KR, Morgan PW (1998) Effect of gibberellin biosynthesis inhibitors on native gibberellin content, growth and floral initiation in
Sorghum bicolor. J. Plant Growth Regul.
MacMillan J (2002) Occurrence of gibberellins in vascular plants, fungi, and bacteria.
J. Plant Growth Regul.
Ray PM, Thimann KV (1955) Steps in the oxidation of indoleacetic acid.
Takahashi N, Kitamura H, Kawarada A, Seto Y, Takai M, Tamura S, Sumiki Y (1955) Biochemical studies on 'Bakanae' fungus. Part XXXIV. Isolation of gibberellins and their properties.
Bull. Agric. Chem. Soc. Japan
Vancura V, Macura R (1961) The effect of root excretions on
Azotobacter. Folia Microbiol.
6: 250–259. Copyright information
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004