Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 131-144

First online:

Are Chameleons Good Citizens? A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Self-Monitoring and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

  • Gerald L. BlakelyAffiliated withCollege of Business and Economics, Department of Management and Industrial Relations, West Virginia University Email author 
  • , Martha C. AndrewsAffiliated withUniversity of North Carolina at Wilmington
  • , Jack FullerAffiliated withWest Virginia University

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In this study the relationship between self-monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) was examined longitudinally among professional and managerial employees of a federal government research laboratory. Supervisory ratings of subordinates' OCBs were collected and matched with 172 subordinates' self-ratings of self-monitoring, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceived organizational support, and perceptions of job characteristics. One year later, supervisory ratings of subordinates' OCBs were again collected. Support was found for the hypothesis that individuals high in self-monitoring are more likely to perform OCBs which are other-directed. Implications for management and future research are discussed.

OCB self-monitoring job satisfaction commitment organizational support