Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 143-167

First online:

Impact of the RIPP Violence Prevention Program on Rural Middle School Students

  • Albert D. FarrellAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • , Robert F. ValoisAffiliated withArnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
  • , Aleta L. MeyerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • , Ritchie P. TidwellAffiliated withTidwell and Associates, Inc.

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The effectiveness of Responding In Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP), a violence prevention program originally developed for urban middle schools serving a predominantly African American student population, was evaluated in rural schools serving an ethnically diverse student population. A between-school design was used to compare outcomes over two years for a cohort of students at four intervention schools where the RIPP program was implemented and four no-intervention control schools. Although results were not consistent across all measures and time points, several significant intervention effects were found on self-report measures of aggression, victimization, life satisfaction and mediating variables including knowledge and attitudes.

adolescents youth violence school-based prevention program replication prevention in rural schools