Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 143–167

Impact of the RIPP Violence Prevention Program on Rural Middle School Students


  • Albert D. Farrell
    • Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth University
  • Robert F. Valois
    • Arnold School of Public HealthUniversity of South Carolina
  • Aleta L. Meyer
    • Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth University
  • Ritchie P. Tidwell
    • Tidwell and Associates, Inc.

DOI: 10.1023/A:1025992328395

Cite this article as:
Farrell, A.D., Valois, R.F., Meyer, A.L. et al. The Journal of Primary Prevention (2003) 24: 143. doi:10.1023/A:1025992328395


The effectiveness of Responding In Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP), a violence prevention program originally developed for urban middle schools serving a predominantly African American student population, was evaluated in rural schools serving an ethnically diverse student population. A between-school design was used to compare outcomes over two years for a cohort of students at four intervention schools where the RIPP program was implemented and four no-intervention control schools. Although results were not consistent across all measures and time points, several significant intervention effects were found on self-report measures of aggression, victimization, life satisfaction and mediating variables including knowledge and attitudes.

adolescentsyouth violenceschool-based preventionprogram replicationprevention in rural schools

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003