Journal of Economic Growth

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 195–222

Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country*

Authors

  • James D. Fearon
    • Department of Political ScienceStanford University
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024419522867

Cite this article as:
Fearon, J.D. Journal of Economic Growth (2003) 8: 195. doi:10.1023/A:1024419522867

Abstract

For their empirical evaluation, several active research programs in economics and political science require data on ethnic groups across countries. “Ethnic group,” however, is a slippery concept. After addressing conceptual and practical obstacles, I present a list of 822 ethnic groups in 160 countries that made up at least 1 percent of the country population in the early 1990s. I compare a measure of ethnic fractionalization based on this list with the most commonly used measure. I also construct an index of cultural fractionalization that uses the structural distance between languages as a proxy for the cultural distance between groups in a country.

ethnic heterogeneitycultural diversityfractionalizationeconomic growth

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003