Drift as Adaptation: Foster Care and Homeless Careers
- Rose Marie Penzerro
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Tension between policies mandating permanency planning and those requiring treatment in the least restrictive setting leaves many children labeled seriously emotionally disturbed, drifting through placements. An ethnographic study of boys in a residential treatment center in Central Texas suggests that the overrepresentation of former out-of-home care youth among the long-term homeless population may be viewed as the continuation into adulthood of a pattern of drift that began earlier while in out-of-home care. A close-up view of 12 residents of a residential treatment center suggests that forces of drift are more powerful than caseworkers and youth. Implications for policy and practice aimed at breaking the pattern are discussed.
- Allerhand, M., Weber, R., & Hang, M. (1966). Adaptation and adaptability: The Bellefaire follow-up study. New York: Child Welfare League of America.
- Barth, R.P. (1990). On their own: The experiences of youth after foster care. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 7 (5), 419-440.
- Barth, R.P. (2001). Institutions versus foster homes: The empirical base for the second century of debate. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, School of Social Work, Jordan Institute for Families.
- Barth, R. Courtney, M., Berrick, J.D., & Albert, V. (1994). From child abuse to permanency planning; Child welfare services pathways and placements. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.
- Courtney, M.E., Piliavin, I., Grogan-Kaylor, A., & Nesmith, A. (2001). Foster youth transitions to adulthood: A longitudinal view of youth leaving care. Child Welfare, LXXX (6), 685-717.
- Curtis, P.A., Alexander, G. and Lunghofer, L.A. (2001). A literature review comparing the outcomes of residential group care and therapeutic foster care. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 18 (5), 377-392.
- George, R., Voorhis, J., Grant, S., Casey, K. & Robinson, M. (1992). Special education experiences of foster children. Child Welfare, LXXI (5), 419-437.
- Hutchison, E.D. (1999). Dimensions of human behavior: Person and environment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
- Kemp, S.P. & Bodonyi, J.M. (2002). Beyond termination: Predictors of permanency for legally free children. Child Welfare, LXXXI (1), 58-86.
- Landsman, M.J., Groza, V., Tyler, M. & Malone, K. (2001). Outcomes of family centered residential treatment. Child Welfare, LXXX (3), 351-379.
- Lofland, J. & Lofland, L.H. (1995). Analyzing social settings: A guide to qualitative observation and analysis. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
- Marshall, C. & Rossman, G.B. (1991). Designing qualitative research. Newbury Park California: Sage Publications.
- McDonald, R.P., Allen, R.I., Westerfelt, A., Piliavin, I. (1996). Assessing the long term effects of foster care: A research synthesis. Washington, D.C., Child Welfare League of America.
- McKenzie, R.B. (1999). Rethinking orphanages for the 21st century. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Pardeck, J.T. (1983). An empirical analysis of behavioral and emotional problems of foster children related to re-placement in care. Child Abuse and Neglect, 7, 75-78.
- Penzerro, R. M. (1995). Burning their bridges: Disordered attachment and foster care discharge. Child Welfare, LXXIV (2), 351-366.
- Proch, K. & Tabor, M.A. (1985). Placement disruption: A review of research. Children and Youth Services Review, 7, 309-20.
- Solomon, J. & George, C. (1999). Attachment disorganization. New York: Guildford Press.
- Sosin, M. Colson, P., & Grossman, S. (1988). Homelessness in Chicago: Poverty and pathology, social institutions and social change. Chicago: University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration.
- Sosin, M., Westerfelt, A. H., & Matsueda, R. (1990). Toward a longitudinal analysis of homelessness. Social Issues, 46 (4), 157-174.
- Texas Department of Human Resources. (2001). Consolidated standards. Austin, TX: Texas Department of Human Resources, Licensing Division.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Safety permanency well-being: Child welfare outcomes 1999: Annual Report. Washington, DC.
- Drift as Adaptation: Foster Care and Homeless Careers
Child and Youth Care Forum
Volume 32, Issue 4 , pp 229-244
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- foster care
- residential treatment
- mental health
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Social Work, University of Texas–Pan American, 1201 W. University Drive, Edinburg, TX, 78541-2999