Journal of Gender, Culture and Health

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 49-60

First online:

Depressive Symptomatology in African-American, Dominican, Irish-American, and Puerto Rican Women

  • Helen L. JohnsonAffiliated withSchool of Education, Queens College
  • , Patrick B. JohnsonAffiliated withNational Center for Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University
  • , Barbara J. NusbaumAffiliated withLong Island University
  • , Marc B. GlassmanAffiliated with
  • , Anabel BejaranoAffiliated withCity University of New York
  • , Tove S. RosenAffiliated withCity University of New York

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The present study examined the influence(s) of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and substance abuse on depressive symptomatology in a sample of African-American, Dominican, Irish-American, and Puerto Rican women of child-bearing age. While the initial analyses indicated ethnic differences in depressive symptomatology, these differences, with the exception of the difference observed in positive affect, disappeared when socioeconomic status and substance use were controlled. Thus the observed differences between the four groups of women in overall CES-D scores, somatic complaints and negative affect resulted, in large measure, from the divergent socioeconomic circumstances of the four groups.

depression ethnicity African-American substance abuse mental health problems in women