Journal of Gender, Culture and Health

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 49–60

Depressive Symptomatology in African-American, Dominican, Irish-American, and Puerto Rican Women


  • Helen L. Johnson
    • School of Education, Queens College
  • Patrick B. Johnson
    • National Center for Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University
  • Barbara J. Nusbaum
    • Long Island University
  • Marc B. Glassman
  • Anabel Bejarano
    • City University of New York
  • Tove S. Rosen
    • City University of New York

DOI: 10.1023/A:1023278126061

Cite this article as:
Johnson, H.L., Johnson, P.B., Nusbaum, B.J. et al. Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health (1999) 4: 49. doi:10.1023/A:1023278126061


The present study examined the influence(s) of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and substance abuse on depressive symptomatology in a sample of African-American, Dominican, Irish-American, and Puerto Rican women of child-bearing age. While the initial analyses indicated ethnic differences in depressive symptomatology, these differences, with the exception of the difference observed in positive affect, disappeared when socioeconomic status and substance use were controlled. Thus the observed differences between the four groups of women in overall CES-D scores, somatic complaints and negative affect resulted, in large measure, from the divergent socioeconomic circumstances of the four groups.

depressionethnicityAfrican-Americansubstance abusemental health problems in women

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999