Article

American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 129-141

The Violent Matrix: A Study of Structural, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal Violence Among a Sample of Poor Women

  • Susan E. JamesAffiliated withThe National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University Email author 
  • , Janice JohnsonAffiliated withThe National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University
  • , Chitra RaghavanAffiliated withThe National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University
  • , Tessa LemosAffiliated withThe National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University
  • , Michele BarakettAffiliated withTeacher's College, Columbia University
  • , Diana WoolisAffiliated withThe National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University

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Abstract

One goal of this paper is to present an integrated tripartite model of violence, with a focus on structural violence within an oppression paradigm. Using qualitative and quantitative data from 27 women (70% African American and 30% European American) who participated in a national substance abuse treatment demonstration program, we describe a model of violence in which structural violence is presented within a transactional relationship with interpersonal, and intrapersonal violence. We suggest that the effects of structural, interpersonal, and intrapersonal violence are magnified when race and poverty are considered. The second goal of the paper is to present a preliminary test of the new model of violence. Results indicated that different levels and types of violence are interrelated. Implications of these findings for empowering solutions are suggested.

violence women addiction welfare