Evaluation of the Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP) Seventh Grade Violence Prevention Curriculum
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
We evaluated the impact of RIPP-7, a seventh grade violence prevention curriculum designed to strengthen and extend the effects of the sixth grade RIPP-6 curriculum. Classes of seventh graders at two urban middle schools serving predominantly African-American youth where RIPP-6 had been implemented the preceding school year were randomized to intervention (N = 239) and control groups (N = 237). Compared to students in the control group, students who participated in RIPP-7 had fewer disciplinary code violations for violent offenses during the following school year. A limited number of main effects were found on self-report outcome measures and measures of attitudes. Although significant main effects were not found on self-report measures of physical aggression, drug use, or anxiety, analyses of interactions with pretest scores indicated that intervention effects were significantly moderated by pretest scores for several outcome measures. Students most likely to benefit from the intervention were those who reported higher pretest rates of problem behaviors including violent behavior, nonphysical aggression, and delinquent behavior.
- Aitkin, M., Anderson, D., Francis, B., & Hinde, J. (1989). Statistical modeling in GLIM. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Azmitia, M. & Montgomery, R. (1993). Friendship, transactive dialogues, and the development of scientific reasoning. Social Development, 2, 202-221.
- Crockett, L., & Petersen, A. (1993). Adolescent development: Health risks and opportunities for health promotion. In S. Millstein, A. Petersen, & E. Nightengale (Eds.), Promoting the health of adolescents (pp. 13-37). New York: Simon & Schuster.
- Crum, T. (1987). The magic of conflict. New York: Simon & Schuster.
- Dishion, T., McCord, J., & Poulin, F. (1999). When interventions harm: Peer groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist, 54, 755-764.
- Elliott, D. S. & Tolan, P. H. (1999). Youth violence prevention, intervention, and social policy: An overview. In D. J. Flannery, & C. R. Huff (Eds.), Youth violence prevention, intervention, and social policy (pp. 3-46). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
- Farrell, A. D., Danish, S. J., & Howard, C. W. (1991). Evaluation of data screening methods in surveys of adolescents' drug use. Psychological Assessment, 3, 295-298.
- Farrell, A. D., Kung, E. M., White, K. S., & Valois, R. (2000). The structure of self-reported aggression, drug use, and delinquent behaviors during early adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 282-292.
- Farrell, A. D., & Meyer, A. L. (1997). The effectiveness of a school-based curriculum for reducing violence among sixth grade students. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 979-984.
- Farrell, A. D., Meyer, A. L., & Dahlberg, L. (1996). Richmond Youth Against Violence: A school-based program for urban adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12 (suppl.) 13-21.
- Farrell, A. D., Meyer, A. L., Kung, E. M., & Sullivan, T. N. (2001). Development and evaluation of school-based violence prevention programs. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30, 207-220.
- Farrell, A. D., Meyer, A. L., & White, K. S. (2001). Evaluation of Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP): A school-based prevention program for reducing violence among urban adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30, 451-463.
- Farrell, A. D., Valois, R., Meyer, A. L., & Tidwell, R. (in press). Impact of the RIPP violence prevention program on rural middle school students: A between-school study. Journal of Primary Prevention.
- Farrell, A. D., Valois, R., & Meyer, A. L. (2002). Evaluation of the RIPP-6 Violence Prevention Program at a Rural Middle School. Journal of Health Education, 33, 167-172.
- Kids Count in Virginia (1999). Kids count in Virginia: 1999 data book. Richmond, VA: Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth.
- Lemerise, E., & Arsenio, W. (2000). An integrated model of emotion processes and cognition in social information processing. Child Development, 71, 107-118.
- Liang, K. Y., & Zeger, S. L. (1986). Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models. Biometrika, 73, 13-22.
- Long, J. S. (1997). Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.
- Mercy, J. A., & Potter, L. B. (1996). Combining analysis and action to solve the problem of youth violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12 (suppl.) 1-2.
- Meyer, A. L., & Farrell, A. D. (1998). Social skills training to promote resilience and reduce violence in African American Middle School Students. Education and Treatment of Children, 21, 461-488.
- Meyer, A., Farrell, A., Northup, W., Kung, E., & Plybon, L. (2000). Promoting nonviolence in early adolescence: Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
- Meyer, A., Northup, W., & Plybon, L. (1998). Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP): A violence prevention booster for seventh graders. Unpublished manuscript.
- Newman, D., Horne, A., & Bartolomucci, C. (in press). Bullies, victims and bystanders: An examination of the effectiveness of a teacher training program. The School Counselor.
- Norton, E. C., Bieler, G. S., Ennett, S. T., & Zarkin, G. A. (1996). Analysis of prevention program effectiveness with clustered data using generalized estimating equations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 919-926.
- Orpinas, P., Kelder, S., Frankowski, R., Murray, N., Zhang, Q., & McAlister, A. (2000). Outcome evaluation of a multi-component violence prevention program for middle schools: The Students for Peace project. Health Education Research, 15, 45-58.
- Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). What I think and feel: A revised measure of children's manifest anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6, 271-280.
- Samples, F., & Aber, L. (1998). Evaluations of school-based violence prevention programs. In D. S. Elliott, B. A. Hamburg, & K. R. Williams (Eds.), Violence in American schools: A new perspective (pp. 217-252). New York: Cambridge.
- Stoolmiller, M., Eddy, J. M., & Reid, J. B. (2000). Detecting and describing preventive intervention effects in a universal school-based randomized trial targeting delinquent and violent behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 296-306.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2001). Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice.
- White, K. S., & Farrell, A. D. (2001). Structure of anxiety symptoms in urban children: Competing factor models of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 333-337.
- Evaluation of the Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP) Seventh Grade Violence Prevention Curriculum
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 12, Issue 1 , pp 101-120
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- early adolescence
- urban youth