Mitochondrial DNA Variation in the Kets and Nganasans and Its Implications for the Initial Peopling of Northern Eurasia
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation was studied in 38 Kets and 24 Nganasans, the indigenous inhabitants of the north of the Yenisey River Basin and the Taimyr Peninsula. The results were compared with the analogous data obtained for 59 Kondinski and 39 Sos'vinski Mansi. As a whole, mitochondrial gene pool of Mansi, Nganasans, and Kets was characterized by unique combination of European-specific (H, H2, H3, H8, U2, U4, U5, U7, J2, and W) and Asian-specific (A, C, D, and Z) mtDNA haplogroups. Specific features of the haplogroup geographical distribution along with the results of phylogenetic reconstruction favor the hypothesis of the genetic trace left in Trans-Urals and the adjacent Siberian territories by early migrations from the Near East.
Derev'anko, A.P., Shimkin, D.B., and Powers, R.W., The Paleolithic of Siberia, Chicago: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1998.
Goebel, T., Pleistocene Human Colonization of Siberia and Peopling of the Americas: An Ecological Approach, Evol. Anthropol., 1999, vol. 8, pp. 208–227.
Dolgikh, B.O., Family and Tribal Compositions of Sibe-rian Ethnic Groups in the XVII Century, Tr. Inst. Etnograf., 1960, vol. 55, pp. 3–623.
Simchenko, Yu.B., Kul'tura okhotnikov na olenei Sever-noi Evrazii (The Culture of Deer Hunters in Northern Eurasia), Moscow: Nauka, 1976.
Rogers, R.A., Language, Human Subspeciation, and Ice Age Barriers in Northern Siberia, Can. J. Anthropol., 1986, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 11–22.
Uinuk-ool, T.S., Takezaki, N., Sukernik, R.I., et al., Origin and Affinities of Indigenous Siberian Populations as Revealed by HLA Class II Gene Frequencies, Hum. Genet., 2002, vol. 110, pp. 209–226.PubMed
Starikovskaya, Y.B., Sukernik, R.I., Schurr, T.G., et al., Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Chukchi and Siberian Eskimos: Implications for the Genetic History of Ancient Beringia and the Peopling of the New World, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 1998, vol. 63, pp. 1473–1491.PubMed
Derbeneva, O.A., Sukernik, R.I., Volodko, N.V., et al., Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in the Aleuts of the Commander Islands and Its Implications for the Genetic History of Beringia, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2002, vol. 71, pp. 415–421.PubMed
Schurr, T.G., Sukernik, R.I., Starikovskaya, Y.B., and Wallace, D.C., Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Koryaks and Itel'men: Population Replacement in the Okhotsk Sea-Bering Sea Region during the Neolithic, Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 1999, vol. 108, pp. 1–39.PubMed
Derbeneva, O.A., Starikovskaya, E.B., Wallace, D.C., and Sukernik, R.I., Traces of Early Eurasians in the Mansi of Northwest Siberia Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA Analysis, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2002, vol. 70, pp. 1009–1014.PubMed
Sukernik, R.I., Schurr, T.G., Starikovskaya, E.B., and Wallace, D.C., Mitochondrial DNA Variation in the Indigenous Siberian Population in Connection to Reconstruction of the History of Native Americans: Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, Genetika (Moscow), 1996, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 432–439.PubMed
Alekseenko, E.A., Kety. Istoriko-etnograficheskie ocherki (Kets: Historical and Ethnographic Essays), Dolgikh, B.O., Ed., Leningrad: Nauka, 1967.
Dul'zon, A.P., Ketskii yazyk (The Ket Language), Tomsk, 1968.
Dolgikh, B.O., The Origin of Nganasans, Tr. Inst. Etnograf., 1952, vol. 18, pp. 5–88.
Gol'tsova, T.V. and Sukernik, R.I., The Genetic Struc-ture of Taimyr Nganasans (Tavgians), a Unique Group of the North Siberian Indigenous Population: IV. Study of the Population Dynamics, Genetika (Moscow), 1979, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 734–744.PubMed
Andrews, R.M., Kubacka, I., Chinnery, P.F., et al., Reanalysis and Revision of the Cambridge Reference Sequence for Human Mitochondrial DNA, Nat. Genet., 1999, vol. 23, p. 147.PubMed
Torroni, A., Bandelt, H.-J., D'Urbano, L., et al., MtDNA Analysis Reveals a Major Late Paleolithic Population Expansion from Southwestern to Northeastern Europe, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 1998, vol. 62, pp. 1137–1152.PubMed
Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Hickey, E., et al., The Emerging Tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: A Synthesis of Control-Region Sequences and RFLPs, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 1999, vol. 64, pp. 232–249.PubMed
Wallace, D.C., Brown, M.D., and Lott, M.T., Mitochon-drial DNA Variation in Human Evolution and Disease, Gene, 1999, vol. 238, pp. 211–230.PubMed
Finnila, S., Lehtonen, M.S., and Majamaa, K., Phyloge-netic Network for European mtDNA, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2001, vol. 68, pp. 1475–1484.PubMed
Herrnstadt, C., Elson, J.L., Fahy, E., et al., Reduced-Median-Network Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial DNA Coding-Region Sequences for the Major African, Asian, and European Haplogroups, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2002, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 1152–1171.PubMed
Bandelt, H.-J., Forster, P., Sykes, B.C., and Richards, M.B., Mitochondrial Portraits of Human Populations Using Median Networks, Genetics, 1995, vol. 141, pp. 743–753.PubMed
Meinila, M., Finnila, S., and Majamaa, K., Evidence for mtDNA Admixture between the Finns and the Saami, Hum. Hered., 2001, vol. 52, pp. 160–170.PubMed
Helgason, A., Hickey, E., Goodacre, S., et al., mtDNA and the Islands of the North Atlantic: Estimating the Proportions of Norse and Gaelic Ancestry, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2001, vol. 68, pp. 723–737.PubMed
Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Hickey, E., et al., Tracing European Founder Lineages in the Near Eastern Mitochondrial Gene Pool, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2000, vol. 67, pp. 1251–1276.PubMed
Torroni, A., Sukernik, R.I., Schurr, T.G., et al., mtDNA Variation of Aboriginal Siberians Reveals Distinct Genetic Affinities with Native Americans, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 1993, vol. 53, pp. 591–608.PubMed
Mishmar, D., Ruiz-Pesini, E., Golik, P., et al., Evolution-ary History Inferred from Whole Human mtDNA Sequences Reveals Evidence for Climatic Selection, Science, 2002 (in press).
Bunak, V.V., Human Races and Ways of Their Formation, Sov. Etnograf., 1956, no. 1, pp. 86–105.
Debets, G.F., On the Principles of Human Race Classifi-cation, Sov. Etnograf., 1956, no. 4, pp. 129–142.
Quintana-Murci, L., Semino, O., Bandelt, H.-J., et al., Genetic Evidence of an Early Exit of Homo sapiens from Africa through Eastern Africa, Nat. Genet., 1999, vol. 23, pp. 437–441.PubMed
- Mitochondrial DNA Variation in the Kets and Nganasans and Its Implications for the Initial Peopling of Northern Eurasia
Russian Journal of Genetics
Volume 38, Issue 11 , pp 1316-1321
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
- 2. Center for Molecular Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, 30322, United States