Allred, K. D., and Smith, T. W. (1991). Social cognition in cynical hostility. Cognit. Ther. Res. 15: 399-412.
Benjamin, L. S. (1974). Structural analysis of social behavior (SASB). Psychol. Rep. 81: 1129-1133.
Benjamin, L. S. (1987). Use of the SASB dimensional model to develop treatment plans for personality disorders. I. Narcissism. J. Personal. Dis. 1: 43-70.
Benjamin, I. S. (1988). Intrex Users Manual, Intrex Interpersonal Institute.,Madison, WI.
Benjamin L. S. (1993). Interpersonal Diagnosis and Treatment of Personality Disorders, Guilford Press, New York.
Brewin, C. R., Andrews, B., and Gotlib, I. H. (1993). Psychopathology and early experience: A reappraisal of retrospective reports. Psychol. Bull. 113: 82-98.
Brody, G. H. (1998). Sibling relationship quality: Its causes and consequences. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 49: 1-24.
Cantor, N. (1990). From thought to behavior: “Having” and “doing” in the study of personality and cognition. Am. Psychol. 45: 735-750.
Carmelli, D., Swan, G. E., and Rosenman, R. H. (1990). The heritability of the Cook and Medley Hostility Scale revisited.J. Soc. Behav. Personal. 5: 107-116.
Cates, D. S., Houston, B. K., Vavak, C. R., Crawford, M. H., and Uttley, M. (1993). Heritability of hostility—related emotions, attitudes, and behaviors. J. Behav. Med. 16: 237-256.
Cook, W.W., and Medley, D. M. (1954). Proposed hostility and pharisaic-virtue scales for theMMPI. J. Appl. Psychol. 38: 414-418.
Crick, N. R., and Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment. Psychol. Bull. 115: 74-101.
Dembroski, T. M., MacDougall, J. M., Costa, P. T., Jr., and Grandits, G. A. (1989). Components of hostility as predictors of sudden death and myocardial infarction in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Psychosom. Med. 51: 514-522.
Ewart, C. K. (1991). Familial transmission of essential hypertension: Genes, environments, and chronic anger. Ann. Behav. Med. 13(1): 40-47.
Gallo, L. C., and Smith, T. W. (1988). Construct validation of health-relevant personality traits. Five Factor Model and Interpersonal Circumplex Analysis of the Aggression Questionnaire. Int. J.Behav. Med. (in press).
Halverson, C. F., Jr. (1988). Remembering your parents: Reflections on the retrospective method. J.Personal. 56: 435-443.
Helmers, K. F., Posluszny, D. M., and Krantz, D. S. (1994). Association of hostility and coronary artery disease: A review of studies. In Siegman, A. W., and Smith, T. W. (eds.), Anger, Hostility, and the Heart, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp.67-96.
Horney, K. (1945). Our Inner Conflicts: A Constructive Theory of Neurosis, Norton, New York.
Houston, B. K. (1994). Anger, hostility and physiological reactivity. In Siegman, A. W., and Smith, T. W. (eds.), Anger, Hostility, and the Heart, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 97-115.
Houston, B. K., and Vavak, C. R. (1991). Hostility: Developmental factors, psychosocial correlates, and health behaviors. Health Psychol. 10: 9-17.
Humphrey, L. L., and Benjamin, L. S. (1986). Using Structural Analysis of Social Behavior to assess critical but elusive family process: A new solution to an old problem. Am. Psychol. 41: 979-989.
Kermis, M. H., Grannemann, B. D., and Barclay, L. C. (1989). Stability and level of self-esteem as predictors of anger arousal and hostility. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 56: 1013-1022.
Lemerise, E. A., and Dodge, K. A. (1993). The development of anger and hostile interactions. In Lewis, M., and Haviland, J. M. (eds.), Handbook of Emotions, Guilford Press, New York, pp.537-546.
Matthews, K. A., Rosenman, R. H., Dembroski, T. M., Harris, E. L., and MacDougall, J. M. (1984). Familial resemblance in components of the Type A behavior pattern: A reanalysis of the California Type A Twin Study. Psychosom. Med. 46: 512-522.
Matthews, K. A., Woodall, K. L., Kenyon, K., and Jacob, T. (1996). Negative family environment on a predictor of boys' future status on measures of hostile attitudes, interview behavior, and anger expression. Health Psychol. 15: 30-37.
McGonigle, M. A., Smith, T.W., Benjamin, L. S., and Tumer, C. W. (1993). Hostility and non-shared family environment: A study of monozygotic twins. J. Res. Personal. 27: 23-34.
Miller, T. Q., Smith., T.W., Tumer, C.W., Guijarro, M. L., and Halley, A. J. (1996). A meta-analytic review of research on hostility and physical health. Psychol. Bull. 119: 322-348.
Pedersen, N. L., Lichtenstein, P., Plomin, R., DeFaire, U., McCleam, G. E., and Matthews, K. A. (1989). Genetic environmental influences for Type A-like measures and related traits: A study of twins reared apart and twins reared together. Psychosom. Med. 51: 428-440.
Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., Pedersen, N. L., Nesselroade, J. R., and Bergeman, C. S. (1988). Genetic influence on childhood family environment perceived retrospectively from the last half of the life span. Dev. Psychol. 24: 738-745.
Plomin, R., Reiss, D., Heatherington, E. M., and Howe, G. W. (1994). Nature and nurture: Genetic contributions to measures of the family environment. Dev. Psychol. 30: 32-43.
Pope, K. D., Smith, T.W., and Rhodewalt, F. (1990). Cognitive behavioral, and affective correlates of the Cook and Medley Ho Scale. J. Personal. Assess. 54: 501-514.
Rose, R. J. (1988). Genetic and environmental variance in content dimensions of the MMPI. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 55: 302-311.
Siegler, I. C. (1994). Hostility and risk: Demographic and lifestyle variables. In Siegman, A. W., and Smith, T. W. (eds.), Anger, Hostility, and the Heart, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp.199-214.
Siegman, A. W. (1994). From Type A to hostility to anger: Reflections on the history of coronary-prone behavior. In Siegman, A. W., and Smith, T. W. (eds.), Anger, Hostility, and the Heart, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp.1-21.
Smith, T. W. (1992). Hostility and health: Current status of a psychosomatic hypothesis. Health Psychol. 11: 139-150.
Smith, T. W. (1994). Concepts and methods in the study of anger, hostility, and health. In Siegman, A. W., and Smith, T. W. (eds.), Anger, Hostility, and the Heart, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp.23-42.
Smith, T. W., and Christensen, A. J. (1992). Hostility, health, and social contexts. In Friedman, H. S. (ed.), Hostility, Coping, and Health, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp.33-48.
Smith, T. W., and Frohm, K. D. (1985). What's so unhealthy about hostility? Construct validity and psychosocial correlates of the Cook and Medley Ho scale. Health Psychol. 4: 503-520.
Smith, T. W., Turner, C. W., Ford, M. H., Hunt, S. C., Barlow, G. K., Stults, B. M., and Williams, R. R. (1987). Blood pressure reactivity in adult male twins. Health Psychol. 209-220.
Smith, T. W., Pope, M. K., Sanders, J. D., Allred, K. D., and O'Keefe, J. L. (1988). Clinical hostility at home and work: Psychosocial vulnerability across domains. J. Res. Personal. 22: 525-548.
Smith, T. W., Sanders, J. D., and Alexander, J. F. (1990). What does the Cook and Medley Hostility Scale measure? Affect, behavior and attributions in the marital context. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 58: 699-708.
Smith, T. W., McGonigle, M., Turner, C. W., Ford, M. H., and Slattery, M. L. (1991). Cynical hostility in adult male twins. Psychosom. Med. 53: 684-692.
Suls, J., and Wan, C. (1993). The relationship between trait hostility and cardiovascular reactivity: A quantitative review and analysis. Psychophysiology 30: 615-626.
Tangney, J. P., Wagner, P. E., Hill-Barlow, P., Marshall, D. E., and Gramzow, R. (1996). Relation of shame and guilt to constructive versus destructive responses to anger across the lifespan. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 70: 797-809.
Wachtel, P. L. (1994). Cyclical processes in personality and psychopathology J. Abnorm. Psychol. 103: 51-54.
Westen, D. (1991). Social cognition and object relations. Psychol. Bull. 109: 429-455.
Woodall, K. L., and Matthews, K. A. (1989). Familial environment associated with Type A behaviors and psychophysiological responses to stress in children. Health Psychol. 8: 403-426.