, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 231-239

Recovery as a Psychological Construct

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Abstract

Mental health advocates have proposed recoveryas a vision for severe mental illness. The purpose ofthis study is to examine psychometric characteristics ofa measure of the psychological construct. Thirty-five participants in a partial hospitalizationprogram were administered the Recovery Scale andmeasures of quality of life, social support,self-esteem, consumer empowerment, psychiatric symptoms,needs and resources, global functioning, and verbalintelligence. Results showed the scale to havesatisfactory test-retest reliability and internalconsistency. Analysis of the concurrent validity of theRecovery Scale showed recovery to be positivelyassociated with selfesteem, empowerment, social support,and quality of life. It was inversely associated withpsychiatric symptoms and age. Implications of these findings for a psychological model of recoveryare discussed.