Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 581–599

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students

  • Shauna L. Shapiro
  • Gary E. Schwartz
  • Ginny Bonner

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018700829825

Cite this article as:
Shapiro, S.L., Schwartz, G.E. & Bonner, G. J Behav Med (1998) 21: 581. doi:10.1023/A:1018700829825


The inability to cope successfully with the enormous stress of medical education may lead to a cascade of consequences at both a personal and professional level. The present study examined the short-term effects of an 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention on premedical and medical students using a well-controlled statistical design. Findings indicate that participation in the intervention can effectively (1) reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, (2) reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, (3) increase scores on overall empathy levels, and (4) increase scores on a measure of spiritual experiences assessed at termination of intervention. These results (5) replicated in the wait-list control group, (6) held across different experiments, and (7) were observed during the exam period. Future research should address potential long-term effects of mindfulness training for medical and premedical students.


Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shauna L. Shapiro
  • Gary E. Schwartz
  • Ginny Bonner

There are no affiliations available