Adelman, I. and C.T. Morris: 1972, 'The measurement of institutional characteristics of nations: Methodological considerations', Journal of Development Studies 8, pp. 111-135.
Anand, S. and M. Ravallion: 1993, 'Human development in poor countries: On the role of private incomes and public services', Journal of Economic Perspectives 7, pp. 133-150.
Babbie, E.: 1995, The Practice of Social Research (Wadsworth, Washington, pp. 161-175).
Baster, N.: 1985, 'Social indicator research: Some issues and debates', in J.G.M. Hilhorst and M. Klatter (eds.), Social Development in the Third World: Level of Living Indicators and Social Planning (Croom Helm, London, pp. 36-43).
Beckerman, W. and R. Bacon: 1966, 'International comparisons of income levels: A suggested new measure', Economic Journal 76, pp. 519-536.
Bennett, M.K.: 1951, 'International disparities in consumption levels', American Economic Review 41, pp. 632-649.
Child, D.: 1970, Essentials of Factor Analysis (Holt, Reinhart and Winston, London, pp. 1-10).
Diener, E.: 1995, 'A value based index for measuring national quality of life', Social Indicators Research 36, pp. 107-127.
Diener, E. and E. Suh: 1997, 'Measuring quality of life: Economic, social, and subjective indicators', Social Indicators Research 40, pp. 189-216.
Drewnowski, J.: 1972, 'Social indicators and welfare measurement: remarks on methodology', Journal of Development Studies 8, pp. 77-90.
Drewnowski, J.: 1974, On Measuring and Planning the Quality of Life (Mouton, Paris, pp. 19-33).
Dunn-Rankin, P.: 1983, Scaling Methods (Lawrence Erlbaum, London, pp. 1-27).
Elkan, W.: 1995, An Introduction to Development Economics (Harvester Wheat-sheaf, London, p. 12).
Elster, J. and J.E. Roemer (eds.): 1991, Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being (Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 5-15).
Estes, R.J.: 1984, The Social Progress of Nations (Praeger, New York, pp. 1-179).
Everitt, B.S. and G. Dun: 1991, Applied Multivariate Data Analysis (Edward Arnold, London, pp. 97-126).
Felipe, J. and M. Resende: 1996, 'A multivariate approach to the measurement of development: Asia and Latin America', Journal of Developing Areas 30, pp. 183-210.
Ginsberg, N., J. Osborn and G. Blank: 1986, Geographic Perspectives on the Wealth of Nations, Department of Geography Research Paper No. 220 (University of Chicago, Chicago, pp. 17-120).
Greeley, M.: 1994, 1 Measurement of poverty and poverty of measurement', Institute of Development Studies Bulletin 25, pp. 50-58.
Gwartney, J., R. Lawson and W. Block: 1996, Economic Freedom of the World (1975–1995) (Free Market Foundation, Johannesburg, pp. 1-46).
Harbison, F. and C.A. Myers: 1964, Education, Manpower, and Economic Growth (McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 23-24).
Hess, P.: 1989, 'The military burden, economic growth, and the human suffering index: evidence from the LDCs', Cambridge Journal of Economics 13, pp. 497-515.
Hopkins, M.: 1991, 'Human development revisited: A new UNDP report', World Development 19, pp. 1469-1473.
Johnston, B.T. and T.P. Sheehy: 1995, The Index of Economic Freedom (Heritage Foundation, Washington, pp. ix-21).
Kallmann, K. (ed.): 1997, An Introduction to Social Indicators and Social Reporting: A Digest of the Literature, Centre for Social and Development Studies Research Report No. 9, (University of Natal, Durban, pp. 13-18).
Lind, N.C.: 1992, 'Some thoughts on the Human Development Index', Social Indicators Research 27, pp. 89-101.
McGillivray, M.: 1991, 'The Human Development Index: Yet another redundant Composite Development Indicator?', World Development 19, pp. 1461-1468.
McGranahan, D.V., Richard-Proust, C., Sovani, N.V. and Subramanian, M.: 1972, Contents and Measurement of Socioeconomic Development, A Staff Study of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) (Praeger, New York, pp. 3-136).
McGranahan, D.: 1995, 'Measurement of development: Research at the UN's Research Institute for social development', International Social Science Journal 143, pp. 39-57.
Morgan, J.N.: 1968, 'The supply of effort, the measurement of well-being, and the dynamics of improvement', American Economic Review 58, pp. 31-39.
Morris, M.D.: 1979, Measuring the Condition of the World's Poor: The Physical Quality of Life Index, Pergamon Policy Studies No. 42, (Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 20-56).
Ogwang, T.: 1994, 'The choice of principal variables for computing the Human Development Index', World Development 22, pp. 2011-2014.
Perthel, D.: 1981, Laws of Development, Indicators of Development, and their Effects on Economic Growth, Doctoral Thesis (University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, pp. 6-7).
Pomfret, R.: 1997, Development Economics (Prentice Hall, London, p. 278).
Ram, R.: 1982, 'Composite indices of physical quality of life, basic needs fulfilment, and income: a principal component representation', Journal of Development Economics 11, pp. 227-247.
Rao, V.V.B.: 1991, 'Human Development Report 1990: Review and assessment', World Development 19, pp. 1451-1460.
Rao, M.V.S., K. Porwit and N. Baster: 1978, Indicators of Human and Social Development: Report on State of the Art (United Nations University, New York, pp. 31-117).
Rose, R.: 1995, 'Making progress and catching up: Comparative analysis for social policy-making', International Social Science Journal 143, pp. 113-125.
Sainz, P.: 1989, 'An index of social welfare', in F. Bracho (ed.), Towards a New Way to Measure Development, Report on the International Meeting on More Effective Development Indicators, July 31 to August 3 (Caracas, Venezuela, pp. 156-160).
Slottje, D.J.: 1991, 'Measuring the quality of life across countries', Review of Economics and Statistics 73, pp. 684-693.
Srinivasan, T.N.: 1994a, 'Data base for development analysis: An overview', Journal of Development Economics 44, pp. 3-27.
Srinivasan, T.N.: 1994b, 'Human development: A new paradigm or reinvention of the wheel?', American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings) 84, pp. 238-243.
Stewart, F.: 1985, Planning to Meet Basic Needs (Macmillan, London, pp. 1-66).
Stoikov, V.: 1967, 'International comparisons of income levels', Economic Journal 77, pp. 939-944.
Streeten, P.: 1994, 'Human development: Means and ends', American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings) 84, pp. 232-237.
Streeten, P.: 1995a, 'Forward', in M. Ul Haq (ed.), Reflections on Human Development (Oxford University Press, New York, pp. viii-xiv).
Streeten, P.: 1995b, 'Human development: The debate about the index', International Social Science Journal 143, pp. 25-37.
Thais, L.: 1989, 'Reflections on an Alternative Development Indicator', in F. Bracho (ed.), Towards a New Way to Measure Development, Report on the International Meeting on More Effective Development Indicators, July 31 to August 3 (Caracas, Venezuela, p. 174).
Thiessen, H.: 1997, Measuring the Real World: A Textbook of Applied Statistical Methods (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp. 13, 142).
Todaro, M.P.: 1989, Economic Development in the Third World (Longman, New York, pp. 108-113.
Townsend, P. (ed.): 1971, The Concept of Poverty: Working Papers on Methods of Investigation and Life-Styles of the Poor in Different Countries (Heinemann, London, pp. 2-24).
Ul Haq, M.: 1995, Reflections on Human Development (Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 46-57).
United Nations Development Programme: 1996, Human Development Reports 1996 (Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 106-108).
United Nations Development Programme: 1999, Human Development Reports 1999 (Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 159-163).
United Nations Development Programme: 1997, Glossary of Poverty and Human Development, Available: http://www.undp.org/undp/news/HDR97/pr7-eng.html (14 October 1998).
Veenhoven, R.: 1996, 'Happy life-expectancy: A comprehensive measure of quality-of-life in nations', Social Indicators Research 39, pp. 1-58.
Weigel, Van B.: 1986, 'The basic needs approach: Overcoming the poverty of Homo Oeconomicus', World Development 14, pp. 1423-1434.
Wilson, R.K. and C.S. Woods: 1982, Patterns of World Economic Development (Longman Sorrett, Melbourne, p. 11).
Wish, N.B.: 1986, 'Are we really measuring the quality of life?', American Journal of Economics and Sociology 45, pp. 93-99.
World Economic Forum: 1996, Global Competitiveness Report 1996 (WEF, Geneva, pp. 5-39).