Gratiana boliviana, a potential biocontrol agent of Solanum viarum: Quarantine host-specificity testing in Florida and field surveys in South America
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Host-specificity tests andfield surveys were conducted to determine thesuitability of the tortoise beetleGratiana boliviana Spaeth (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) from Argentina for classicalbiological control of Solanum viarumDunal (Solanaceae) in the USA. Thehost-specificity tests were conducted at theFlorida Department of Agriculture and ConsumerServices-Division of Plant Industry quarantinefacility in Gainesville, Florida (USA). Multiple-choice host-specificity tests wereconducted in small cages using 123 plantspecies in 35 families. Adults fedsignificantly (>41% of the leaf area offeredwas damaged) on the target weed(S. viarum), and fed lightly (<20%) onSolanum torvum Sw. (noxious weed native towest-Africa). Adults did some exploratoryfeeding (<5%) on eggplant, Solanummelongena L. (economic crop), Solanumelaeagnifolium Cav. (major agricultural weedin the western US), and on Solanumtampicense Dunal (weed of Central Americanorigin). No feeding was observed on any of theother 118 plant species that were testedincluding another 21 Solanum species.G. boliviana adults laid an average of 68eggs per female on S. viarum, 5 eggs perfemale on S. torvum, and an average of0.2 eggs on eggplant. No-choicehost-specificity tests were also conducted inwhich G. boliviana adults and neonatelarvae were exposed to 19 and 22 plant speciesrespectively. Tests with the neonatesindicated this insect was able to complete itsdevelopment only on S. viarum (67%reached the pupae stage). The no-choice testswith adults indicated that this insect fed,laid eggs, and completed development only onS. viarum. The unsprayed eggplant fieldsthat were surveyed in its natural range inArgentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay fromJune 1997 to March 2000 indicated thatG. boliviana is not a pest of eggplants in SouthAmerica. Therefore, a petition for fieldrelease of G. boliviana for classicalbiological control of S. viarum in theUSA was submitted in April 2000.
- Buzzi, Z.J., 1995. Redescricâo de Gratiana boliviana Spaeth (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 12: 339–342.
- Coile, N.C., 1998. Notes on Florida's endangered and threatened plants. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bureau of Entomology, Nematology and Plant Pathology. Botany Section Contribution 38(2nd edition): 119.
- Coile, N.C., 1993. Tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum Dunal: the plant from hell. Botany Circular No. 27. Florida Dept. Agric. and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1999. FLEPPC List of Florida's Most Invasive Species. Internet: http://www.fleppc.org/99list.htm.
- Fundacâo de Estudos Agrários Luiz de Queiroz, 1992. Curso de Entomologia Aplicada à Agricultura. FEALQ. Piracicaba, Sâo Paulo. pp. 760.
- Gallo, D., O. Nakano, S. Silveira, R. Pereira, G. Casadei, E. Berti, J.R. Postali, R.A. Zucchi, S. Batista and J. Dejair, 1988. Manual de Entomologia Agricola. Editora Agronomica Ceres Ltda. Sâo Paulo. pp. 649.
- Habeck, D.H., J.C. Medal and J.P. Cuda, 1996. Biological control of tropical soda apple. In: J.J. Mullahey (ed.), Proceedings of the Tropical Soda Apple Symposium, 9–10 January. Bartow, Florida University of Florida-IFAS, Gainesville, FL. pp. 73–78.
- Heard, T.A. and R.D. van Klinken, 1998. An analysis of tests designs for host range determination of insects for biological control of weeds. In:M.P. Zulucki, R.A. Drew and G.G. White (eds), Proceedings of the 6th Australasian Applied Entomological Research Conference, 29 September–2 October. Brisbane, Australia 1: 539–546.
- Hill, M.P. and P.E. Hulley, 1996. Suitability of Metriona elatior (Klug) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) as a biological control agent for Solanum sisymbrifolium Lam. (Solanaceae). African Entomology 4: 117–123.
- Hill, M.P. and P.E. Hulley, 1995. Biology and host range of Gratiana spadicea (Klug, 1829) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae), a potential biological control agent for the weed Solanum sisymbrifolium Lamarck (Solanaceae) in South Africa. Biological Control 5: 345–352.
- Marohasy, J., 1998. The design and interpretation of host-specificity tests for weed biological control with particular reference to insect behaviour. Biocontrol News and Information 19: 13–20.
- McFadyen, R.E., 1998. Biological control of weeds. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 369–393.
- McGovern, R.J., J.E. Polston and J.J. Mullahey, 1996. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal): Host of tomato, pepper, and tobacco viruses in Florida. In: J.J. Mullahey (ed.), Proceedings of the Tropical Soda Apple Symposium, 9–10 January. Bartow, Florida. University of Florida-IFAS. Gainesville, FL. pp. 31–34.
- McGovern, R.J., J.E. Polston, G.M. Danyluk, E. Heibert, A.M. Abouzid and P.A. Stansly, 1994a. Identification of a natural weed host of tomato mottle geminivirus in Florida. Plant Dis. 78: 1102–1106.
- McGovern, R.J., J.E. Polston and J.J. Mullahey, 1994b. Solanum viarum: weed reservoir of plant viruses in Florida. Int. J. Pest Management 40: 270–273.
- Medal, J.C. and J.P. Cuda, 2000. Biological control of some exotic weeds by means of insects. In: Proceedings of the Caribbean Basin Administrative Group Workshop on Approaches to Mitigating the Effects of Exotic Pests on Trade and Agriculture in the Caribbean Region, 16–18 June 1999. Homestead, FL. University of Florida-Tropical Research Education Center, Homestead. pp. 75–82.
- Medal, J.C., R.A. Pitelli, A. Santana, D. Gandolfo, R. Gravena and D.H. Habeck, 1999. Host specificity of Metriona elatior, a potential biological control agent of tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum, in the USA. BioControl 44: 421–436.
- Medal, J.C., R. Charudatan, J.J. Mullahey and R.A. Pitelli, 1996. An exploratory insect survey of tropical soda apple in Brazil and Paraguay. Florida Entomologist 79(1): 70–73.
- Mislevy, P., J.J. Mullahey and D.L. Colvin, 1996. Management practices for tropical soda apple control: Update. In: J.J. Mullahey (ed.), Proceedings of the Tropical Soda Apple Symposium, 9–10 January. Bartow, Florida. University of Florida-IFAS. Gainesville, FL. pp. 61–67.
- Mullahey, J.J., P. Mislevy, W.F. Brown and W.N. Kline, 1996. Tropical soda apple, an exotic weed threatening agriculture and natural systems. Dow Elanco. Down to Earth 51(1): 8.
- Mullahey, J.J.,M. Nee, R.P. Wunderlin and K.R. Delaney, 1993. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum): a new weed threat in subtropical regions. Weed Technology 7: 783–786.
- Mullahey, J.J. and D.L. Colvin, 1993. opical soda apple: a new noxious weed in Florida. University of Florida, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Fact Sheet WRS-7.
- Neser, S., H.G. Zimmermann, H.E. Erb and J.H. Hoffmann, 1989. Progress and prospects for the biological control of two Solanum weeds in South Africa. In: E.S. Delfose (ed.), Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, Rome, Italy, 1988. Instituto Sperimentale per la Patologia Vegetale Ministerio dell Agriculture e delle Foreste, Rome. pp. 371–381.
- Olckers, T., 1996. Improved prospects for biological control of three Solanum weeds in South Africa. In: V.C. Moran and J.H. Hoffmann (eds), Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, Stellenbosch, South Africa. University of Cape Town, South Africa. pp. 307–312.
- Olckers, T., H.G. Zimmermann and J.H. Hoffmann, 1995. Interpreting ambiguous results of host-specificity tests in biological control of weeds: assessment of two Leptinotarsa species (Chrysomelidae) for the control of Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae) in South Africa. Biol. Control 5: 336–344.
- Siebert, M.W., 1975. Candidates for the biological control of Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. (Solanacear) in South Africa. Laboratory studies on the biology of Gratiana lutescens (Boh.) and Gratiana pallidula (Boh.) (Coleoptera, Cassidinae). J. Entomol. Soc. South Africa 38: 297–304.
- Sturgis, A.K. and D.L. Colvin, 1996. Controlling tropical soda apple in pastures. In: J.J. Mullahey (ed.), Proceedings of the Tropical Soda Apple Symposium, 9–10 January. Bartow, Florida. University of Florida-IFAS. Gainesville, FL. pp. 79.
- US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1997. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants. US Government Printing Office. pp. 52.
- Gratiana boliviana, a potential biocontrol agent of Solanum viarum: Quarantine host-specificity testing in Florida and field surveys in South America
Volume 47, Issue 4 , pp 445-461
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- field surveys
- multiple-choice and no-choice tests
- weed biocontrol
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA
- 3. USDA-ARS Biological Control and Mass Rearing Research Unit, Stoneville, MS, 38776, USA
- 4. USDA-ARS South American Biological Control Laboratory, Hurlingham, Argentina
- 5. INTA-Estación Experimental Agrícola Cerro Azul, Misiones Province, Argentina