New Forests

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 63–70

Propagating framework trees to restore seasonally dry tropical forest in northern Thailand


  • Stephen Elliott
    • Forest Restoration Research UnitChiang Mai University
  • Cherdsak Kuarak
    • Forest Restoration Research UnitChiang Mai University
  • Puttipong Navakitbumrung
    • Forest Restoration Research UnitChiang Mai University
  • Sudarat Zangkum
    • Forest Restoration Research UnitChiang Mai University
  • Vilaiwan Anusarnsunthorn
    • Forest Restoration Research UnitChiang Mai University
  • David Blakesley
    • Horticulture Research International

DOI: 10.1023/A:1015641119271

Cite this article as:
Elliott, S., Kuarak, C., Navakitbumrung, P. et al. New Forests (2002) 23: 63. doi:10.1023/A:1015641119271


In northern Thailand, a growing interest in restoring forests for wildlife conservation and environmental protection is increasing demand for high quality planting stock of a wide range of native forest tree species. Since most native tree species have never been grown in nurseries, their production is hindered by a lack of knowledge of basic propagation methods. Basic data on germination and performance of ten indigenous ‘framework’ tree species, Castanopsis acuminatissima, Dalbergia rimosa, Diospyros glandulosa, Eugenia albiflora, Ficus glaberrima var. glaberrima, Lithocarpus craibianus, Melia toosendan, Prunus cerasoides, Quercus semiserrata and Spondias axillaris were collected during the production process. Different species produce seeds at different times of the year and they have different growth rates, yet saplings must attain a plantable size by the optimum planting time i.e. the start of the wet season. Germination percentages ranged from 38 to 89%, and the time in the nursery to reach a plantable size ranged from 119 days for Prunus cerasoides, when it had reached a mean height of 48.6 cm (SD 7.9), to 609 days for Lithocarpus craibianus, when it had reached mean height of 40.5 cm (SD 10.6). This paper discusses the scheduling of production for these candidate framework species.


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002