Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 149-154

First online:

The Impact of Child Care on Gender Role Development and Gender Stereotypes

  • Kay A. ChickAffiliated withPenn State Altoona
  • , Rose Ann Heilman-HouserAffiliated withSlippery Rock University
  • , Maxwell W. HunterAffiliated withPenn State Altoona

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Research has shown that gender role development is socially constructed and learned from birth. In this study, the impact of child care and the interactions that take place there are examined, with a focus on gender behavior and stereotypes. Observation data and analysis are presented. Themes representing gender stereotypes and the breaking of gender barriers are examined, and the role that caregivers can play in the fostering of gender-fair behaviors is discussed.

child care gender development gender stereotypes caregivers