, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 231-244

Predicting Dysphoria and Hostility Using the Diathesis-Stress Model of Sociotropy and Autonomy in a Contextualized Stress Setting

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We examined the diathesis-stress model of sociotropy and autonomy in the prediction of dysphoria and self-reported hostility. Participants were 39 women who had recently relocated to the United States. Because participants relocated at approximately the same time and for the same reasons (husband enrolled in a university program), we were able to measure multiple stressors that occurred in the same context (relocation). We measured stress comprehensively using semistructured interviews and coded each negative stressor into interpersonal and achievement categories. The match between sociotropy and interpersonal stressors predicted dysphoria, whereas the match between autonomy and achievement stressors predicted hostility. Implications for the diathesis-stress model of sociotropy–autonomy are discussed.