Article

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 1-16

Anger, and Plasma Lipid, Lipoprotein, and Glucose Levels in Healthy Women: The Mediating Role of Physical Fitness

  • Aron Wolfe SiegmanAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute
  • , Amy R. MalkinAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute
  • , Stephen BoyleAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute
  • , Mark VaitkusAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute
  • , William BarkoAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute
  • , Edward FrancoAffiliated withUniversity of MarylandU.S. Army Physical Fitness Research Institute

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Abstract

The association between anger, lipid profiles, and glucose levels were examined in this study of 103 middle aged, healthy women. A principal component factor analysis of Spielberger's Trait Anger and Anger Expression scales yielded two anger factors: Impulsive Anger-Out and Neurotic Anger. Impulsive anger-out significantly predicted a negative lipid profile (high total serum cholesterol (TSC), low density lipoproteins (LDL), TSC/HDL (high density lipids), and triglyceride levels) and heightened glucose levels, but only in physically unfit women. Neurotic anger did not predict lipid and glucose levels. These findings parallel previous findings regarding the two anger dimensions and CHD, with only impulsive anger-out predicting CHD. Furthermore, our findings indicate that the protective effect of physical fitness, previously documented for men, also occurs in women.

impulsive anger neurotic anger cholesterol glucose levels physical fitness