Autonomous Robots

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 87–95

Social Tele-Embodiment: Understanding Presence


  • Eric Paulos
    • Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of California
  • John Canny
    • Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of California

DOI: 10.1023/A:1011264330469

Cite this article as:
Paulos, E. & Canny, J. Autonomous Robots (2001) 11: 87. doi:10.1023/A:1011264330469


Humans live and interact within the real world but our current online world neglects this. This paper explores research into Personal Roving Presence (PRoP) devices that provide a physical mobile proxy, controllable over the Internet to provide tele-embodiment. Leveraging off of its physical presence in the remote space, PRoPs provide important human verbal and non-verbal communication cues. The ultimate goal is a computer mediated communication (CMC) tool for rich natural human interaction beyond currently available systems. This paper examines PRoP design choices, system architecture, social issues, and evaluations of several user studies.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001