Frequency of partial and missing rings in Acer saccharum in relation to canopy position and growth rate
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Locally absent growth rings are known to occur in trees during periods of environmental stress, but little evidence has been available on their frequency in moist temperate forests or on their potential for causing problems in dendroecological studies. In this study, 95 stem disks of Acer saccharum cut from trees representing a wide range of size and age were examined for ring anomalies using three techniques – inspection of disks for partial rings, crossdating of each tree against regional master chronologies, and use of stand history evidence. The number of ring anomalies in Acer saccharum was inversely related to growth rate and vigor. Mean percentage of ring anomalies was 1.3% in dominant canopy trees, 4.6% in trees of the intermediate crown class, and 16.2% in overtopped trees. All of the overtopped trees had partial or missing rings, with a mean of 10 per tree and a range of 2 to 20. Use of crossdating to correct for ring anomalies appeared to be successful in 88% of the canopy trees. However, crossdating results were inconclusive in 32% of the overtopped trees because of low ring width variability, multiple missing rings, and short duration of trouble-free segments. Because overtopped trees are of limited value in reconstructing disturbance history and often cannot be crossdated reliably, we suggest that they normally be excluded from disturbance chronologies.
- Abrams, M. D. & Orwig, D. A. 1996. A 300-year history of disturbance and canopy recruitment for co-occurring white pine and hemlock on the Allegheny Plateau, USA. J. Ecol. 84: 353-363.
- Athari, S. & Kramer, H. 1983. Zur problematik der erfassung von umweltbedingten zuwachsverklusten in fichtenbestanden. Forst Holzwirt. 38: 204-206.
- Bormann, F. H. 1965. Changes in the growth pattern of white pine trees undergoing suppression. Ecology 46: 269-277.
- Canham, C. D. 1985. Suppression and release during canopy recruitment in Acer saccharum. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 112: 134-145.
- Canham, C. D. 1990. Suppression and release during canopy recruitment in Fagus grandifolia. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 1-7.
- Carmean, W. H. 1979. Site index curves for northern hardwoods in northern Wisconsin and upper Michigan. USDA Forest Service Research Paper NC-160.
- Cole, W. G. & Lorimer, C. G. 1994. Predicting tree growth from crown variables in managed northern hardwood stands. Forest Ecol. Manag. 67: 158-175.
- Colenutt, M. E. & Luckman, B. H. 1991. Dendrochronological investigation of Larix lyalii at Larch Valley, Alberta. Can. J. Forest Res. 21: 1222-1233.
- Cook, E. R. & Cole, J. 1991. Geographic patterns of climatic response in eastern hemlock: implications for modeling the response of forests to future climatic change. Climatic Change 19: 271-282.
- Core, H. A., Cote, W. A. & Day, A.C. 1979. Wood: structure and identification. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York.
- Dahir, S. E. & Lorimer, C. G. 1996. Variation in canopy gap formation among developmental stages of northern hardwood stands. Can. J. Forest Res. 26: 1875-1892.
- Dynesius, M. & Jonsson, B. G. 1991. Dating uprooted trees: comparison and application of eight methods in a boreal forest. Can. J. Forest Res. 21: 655-665.
- Erdmann, G. G. & Peterson, R. M. 1972. Crown release increases diameter growth and bole sprouting of pole-size yellow birch. USDA Forest Service Research Note NC-130.
- Frelich, L. E. & Graumlich, L. J. 1994. Age-class distribution and spatial patterns in an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest. Can. J. Forest Res. 24: 1939-1947.
- Fritts, H. C. 1976. Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, London.
- Glitzenstein, J. S., Harcombe, P. A. & Streng, D. R. 1986. Disturbance, succession, and maintenance of species diversity in an east Texas forest. Ecol. Monogr. 56: 243-258.
- Henry, J. D. & Swan, J. M. A. 1974. Reconstructing forest history from live and dead plant material: an approach to the study of forest succession in southwest New Hampshire. Ecology 55: 772-783.
- Holmes, R. L. 1983. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bull. 43: 69-78.
- Kotar, J., Kovach, J. & Locey, C. 1988. Field guide to forest habitat types of northern Wisconsin. Department of Forestry, University of Wisconsin-Madison & Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
- Kramer, P. J., & Kozlowski, T. T. 1979. Physiology of woody plants. Academic Press, New York.
- Krause, C. & Morin, H. 1995. Changes in radial increment in stems and roots of balsam fir [Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.] after defoliation by spruce budworm. Forestry Chronicle 71: 747-754.
- Lorimer, C. G. 1985. Methodological considerations in the analysis of forest disturbance history. Can. J. Forest Res. 15: 200-213.
- Lorimer, C. G. & Frelich, L. E. 1989. A methodology for estimating canopy disturbance frequency and intensity in dense temperate forests. Can. J. Forest Res. 19: 651-663.
- Lorimer, C. G. & Gough, W. R. 1988. Frequency of drought and severe fire weather in north-eastern Wisconsin. J. Env. Manag. 26: 203-219.
- Lyon, C. J. 1936. Tree-ring widths as an indication of physiological dryness in New England. Ecology 17: 457-478.
- Lyon, C. J. 1941. Inter-correlations between growth rates of conifers in northern New England. Tree-Ring Bull. 7: 24-26.
- Lyon, C. J. 1946. Hemlock chronology in New England. Tree-Ring Bull. 13: 2-4.
- McCaughey, W.W. & Schmidt, W. C. 1982. Understory tree release following harvest cutting in spruce-fir forests of the Intermountain West. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-285.
- Nowacki, G. J. & Abrams, M. D. 1997. Radial-growth averaging criteria for reconstructing disturbance histories from presettlementorigin oaks. Ecol. Monogr. 67: 225-249.
- Palik, B. J. & Pregitzer, K. S. 1995. Variability in early height growth rate of mature trees: implications for retrospective studies of stand dynamics. Can. J. Forest Res. 25: 767-776.
- Payette, S., Filion, L. & Delwaide, A. 1990. Disturbance regime of a cold temperate forest as deduced from tree-ring patterns: the Tantaré Ecological Reserve, Quebec. Can. J. Forest Res. 20: 1228-1241.
- Roberts, S. D. 1994. The occurrence of non-ring producing branches in Abies lasiocarpa. Trees 8: 263-267. ]
- Singer, M. T. & Lorimer, C. G. 1997. Crown release as a potential old-growth restoration approach in northern hardwoods. Can. J. Forest Res. 27:1222-1232.
- Smith, D. M. 1986. The practice of silviculture. Wiley, New York.
- Smith, H. C., Miller, G. W., & Lamson, N. I. 1994. Crop-tree release thinning in 65-year-old commercial cherry-maple stands (5-year results). U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Research Paper NE-694.
- Stokes, M. A. & Smiley, T. L. 1968.An introduction to tree-ring dating. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
- Takaoka, S. 1993. The effect of missing rings on stand-age estimation of even-aged forests in northern Hokkaido, Japan. Ecol. Res. 8: 341-347.
- Turberville, H. W. & Hough, A. F. 1939. Errors in age counts of suppressed trees. J. Forestry 37: 417-418.
- Frequency of partial and missing rings in Acer saccharum in relation to canopy position and growth rate
Volume 143, Issue 2 , pp 189-202
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Acer saccharum
- Disturbance chronologies
- False rings
- Missing rings
- Northern hardwoods
- Partial rings
- Tree-ring dating