, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 233-242

Diversity and distribution of the mangrove forests in Taiwan

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In a survey of 1992 to 1994, mangrove forests withfour species of true mangroves, Kandelia candel(L.) Druce, Avicennia marina(Forsk.) Vierh.,Rhizophora stylosaGriff., and Lumnitzera racemosaWilld., were found at 22locations in the west coast of Taiwan. The northernrange of their distribution was at Tanshui Estuary(Latitude 25°11′N) and the southern range atTapen Bay (22°28′N). The total area wasestimated to be 286.95 ha. There was an obvious changein species composition and a decrease in speciesnumber of true mangroves from south to north: the fourspecies dominated by A. marinain thesouth and K. candelas thesole species in the north. Air temperature associatedwith sea surface temperature and oceanic currents inwinter, but not soil property, was found to be theprimary environmental factor, affecting the diversityand distribution of true mangroves in Taiwan as wellas in the northeast region of Asia.