Plant-pest interactions in time and space: A Douglas-fir bark beetle outbreak as a case study
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
A conceptual model of Douglas-fir bark beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae) dynamics and associated host tree mortality across multiple spatial and temporal scales was developed, then used to guide a study of the association between the occurrence of beetle- killed trees and factors that might render trees more susceptible to attack. Long-term records of beetle kill showed that beetle epidemics were associated with windstorms and drought at statewide and local spatial scales. At the landscape scale, beetle kill was associated with (i) portions of the landscape that were potentially drier (southern aspects, lower elevations) and (ii) portions of the landscape that had more mature and old-growth conifer vegetation. The patches of beetle-killed trees were aggregated with respect to other patches at scales of approximately 1 and 4 km. At the scale of the individual tree, there was not a strong relationship between beetle kill and resistance to attack measured by tree growth rate prior to attack. Our results show that landscape-scale phenomena and temporal patterns were more strongly correlated with beetle-kill events than was recent growth history at the scale of individual trees. We suggest that the multi-scale approach we employed is useful for elucidating the relative roles of fine- versus coarse-scale constraints on ecological processes.
- Atkins, M.D. 1959. A study of the flight of the Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopk. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) I. Flight preparation and response. Can Entomol 91: 283–291.
- Atkins, M.D. and McMullen, L.H. 1960. On certain factors influencing Douglas-fir beetle populations. Fifth World Forestry Congress Proceedings (Seattle, WA) 2: 857–859.
- Barbosa, P. and Wagner, M.R. 1989. Introduction to Forest and Shade Tree Insects. Academic Press, San Diego.
- Berryman, A.A. 1982. Biological control, thresholds, and pest outbreaks. Env Entomol 11: 544–549.
- Boots, B.N. and Getis, A. 1988. Point Pattern Analysis. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.
- Box, G.E. and Jenkins, G.M. 1976. Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. Holden-Day, San Francisco.
- Castello, J.D., Leopold D.J. and Smallidge, P.J. 1995. Pathogens, patterns, and processes in forest ecosystems. BioScience 45: 16–24.
- Cohen, W.B., Spies, T.A. and Fiorella, M. 1995. Estimating the age and structure of forests in a multi-ownership landscape of western Oregon, USA. Int J Remote Sensing 16: 721–746.
- Franklin, J.F. 1979. Vegetation of the Douglas-fir region. pp. 93–112. In Forest Soils of the Douglass-fir Region. Edited by Heilman, P.E., Anderson, H.W. and Baumgartner, D.M. Washington State University Cooperative Extension, Pullman, WA.
- Franklin, J.F. and Dyrness, C.T. 1973. Natural Vegetation of Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon.
- Franklin, JF and Forman, T.T. 1987. Creating landscape patterns by forest cutting: ecological consequences and principles. Landsc Ecol 1: 5–18.
- Furniss, M.M. 1962. Infestation patterns of Douglas-fir beetle in standing and windthrown trees in southern Idaho. J Econ Entomol 55: 486–491.
- Furniss, M.M, McGregor, M.D., Foiles, M.W. and Partridge, A.D. 1979. Chronology and characteristics of a Douglas-fir beetle outbreak in northern Idaho. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-59, Odgen, UT.
- Furniss, M.M., Livingston, R.L. and McGregor, M.D. 1981. Development of a stand susceptibility classification for Douglas-fir beetle. In Hazard-rating systems in forest insect pest management: symposium proceedings. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-27.
- Godfray, H.C.J. and Hassell, M.P. 1997. Hosts and parasitoids in space. Nature 386: 660–661.
- Graumlich, L.J. 1987. Precipitation variation in the Pacific Northwest (1675-1975) as reconstructed from tree rings. Ann Assoc Am Geograph 77: 19–29.
- Kaufmann, M.R. and Ryan, M.G. 1986. Physiographic, stand, and environmental effects on individual tree growth and growth efficiency in subalpine forests. Tree Physiol 2: 47–59.
- Kushmaul, R.J., Cain, M.D., Rowell, C.E. and Porterfield, R.L. 1979. Stand and site conditions related to southern pine beetle susceptibility. For Sci 25: 656–664.
- Larsson, S. 1989. Stressful times for the plant stress-insect performance hypothesis. Oikos 56: 277–283.
- Lessard, E.D. and Schmid, J.M. 1990. Emergence, attack densities, and host relationships for the Douglas-fir beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins) in Northern Colorado. Great Basin Naturalist 50: 333–338.
- Manion, P.D. 1981. Decline diseases of complex biotic and abiotic origin. In Tree Disease Concepts. pp. 324–339. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
- McGarigal, K. and Marks, B.J. 1994. Fragstats: spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure. Forest Science Department, Oregon State University.
- McMullen, L.H. and Atkins, M.D. 1961. Intraspecific competition as a factor in the natural control of the Douglas-fir beetle. For Sci 7: 197–203.
- Moeur, M. 1993. Characterizing spatial patterns of trees using stemmapped data. For Sci 39: 756–775.
- Mueller-Dombois, D. 1986. Perspectives for an etiology of standlevel dieback. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 17: 224–43.
- National Climatic Data Center. 1962-1990. Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomenon Reports, volumes 4-32. Ashville, NC.
- Orr, P.W. 1963. Windthrown timber survey. USDA Forest Service Insect and Disease Control Branch. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Portland, Oregon.
- Powers, J.S. 1995. Spatial and temporal dynamics of the Douglas-fir bark beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae, Hopk.) in the Detroit Ranger District: a landscape ecology perspective. MS thesis, Oregon State University.
- Rudinsky, J.A. 1966. Host selection and invasion by the Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins, in coastal Douglas-fir forests. Can Entomol 98: 98–111.
- SAS Institute. 1992. SAS technical report P-229. SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements, Release 6.07. Cary, North Carolina.
- Sinton, D.S. 1996. Spatial and temporal patterns of windthrow in the Bull Run Watershed, Oregon. P.h.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Geosciences, Oregon State University.
- StatgraphicsPlus. 1993. Reference Manual Version 7. Manguistics, Inc., Cambridge, MA.
- Turchin, P. 1990. Rarity of density dependence or population regulation with lags? Nature 344: 660–663.
- Turchin, P., Lorio, P.L. Jr., Taylor, A.D. and Billings, R.F. 1991. Why do populations of southern pine beetles (Coleptera: Scolytidae) fluctuate? Env Entomol 20: 401–409.
- Turner, M.G. 1989. Landscape ecology: the effect of pattern upon process. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 20: 171–197.
- Waring, R.H. and Schlesinger, W.H. 1985. Forest Ecosystems: Concepts and Management. Academic Press, San Diego.
- Waring, R.H. and Pitman, G.B. 1980. A simple model of host resistance to bark beetles. Oregon State University Forest Research Laboratory Research Note 65.
- Wright, L.C., Berryman, A.A. and Wickman, B.E. 1984. Abundance of the fir engraver, Scolytus ventralis, and the Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae, following tree defoliation by the Douglas-fir tussock moth, Orgyia pseudotsugata. Can Entomol 116: 293–305.
- Plant-pest interactions in time and space: A Douglas-fir bark beetle outbreak as a case study
Volume 14, Issue 2 , pp 105-120
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- bark beetle epidemic
- hierarchy theory
- multiple spatial and temporal scales
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, 020 Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Corvallis, Oregon, 97331–7501, USA
- 2. Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 97331–5506, USA