Diet Balancing in the Cockroach Rhyparobia madera: Does Serotonin Regulate this Behavior?
- Randy W. CohenAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, California State University, Northridge
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Animals, including insects, have the ability to self-select an optimal diet from a choice of two or more incomplete diets that lack an essential nutrient. This paper demonstrates that nymphs of the cockroach Rhyparobia madera also have this ability. The nymphs chose a protein:carbohydrate (P:C) ratio of approximately 25:75 when faced with a choice between one cube of protein (casein) and another of carbohydrate (sucrose). This self-selected ratio was shown to promote growth as well or better than other diets tested. When given a wide range of P:C choices, the R. madera nymphs consistently selected a P:C ratio of approximately 25:75, suggesting that they have the ability to diet-balance. Finally, injections of various serotonergic drugs into self-selecting nymphs influenced their choice of diets. Serotonin promoted a decrease in carbohydrate feeding, while injection of the antagonist α-methyltryptophan caused the nymphs to overfeed on carbohydrate. The results suggest that serotonin may help alter the carbohydrate feeding response in cockroaches.
- Diet Balancing in the Cockroach Rhyparobia madera: Does Serotonin Regulate this Behavior?
Journal of Insect Behavior
Volume 14, Issue 1 , pp 99-111
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- feeding behavior
- utilization efficiencies
- diet mixing
- Randy W. Cohen (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Biology, California State University, Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA, 91330-8303