Alatalo, R.V., Lundberg, A. and Glynn, C. (1986) Female pied flycatchers choose territory quality and not male characteristics. Nature
Alatalo, R.V., Gustafsson, L. and Lundberg, A. (1990) Phenotypic selection of heritable size traits: Environmental variance and genotypic response. Am. Nat.
Andersson, M. (1986) Evolution of condition-dependent sex ornaments and mating preferences: Sexual selection based on viability differences. Evolution
Andersson, M. (1994) Sexual Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Bellman, R.E. and Dreyfus, S.E. (1962) Applied Dynamic Programming. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Berven, K.A. (1981) Mate choice in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica. Evolution
Burley, N. (1981) Mate choice by multiple criteria in a monogamous species. Am. Nat.
Charlesworth, B. (1990) Optimization models, quantitative genetics and mutation. Evolution
Clinton, W.L. and Le Boeuf, B.J. (1993) Sexual selection's effects on male life-history and the pattern of male mortality. Ecology
Clutton-Brock, T.H. (ed.) (1988) Reproductive Success. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Conner, J. (1989) Older males have higher insemination success in a beetle. Anim. Behav.
Cordts, R. and Partridge, L. (1996) Courtship reduces longevity of male Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav.
Côté, I.M. and Hunte, W. (1993) Female redlip blennies prefer older males. Anim. Behav.
Enstrom, D.A. (1993) Female choice for age-specific plumage in the orchard oriole: Implications for delayed plumage maturation. Anim. Behav.
Falconer, D.S. and Mackay, T.F.C. (1996) Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 4th edn. Longman, Harlow.
Grafen, A. (1990) Sexual selection unhandicapped by the Fisher process. J. Theor. Biol.
Grant, B.R. and Grant, D.P.R (1987) Mate choice in Darwin's finches. Biol. J. Linn. Soc.
Gustafsson, L., Qvarnström, A. and Sheldon, B. (1995) Trade-offs between life-history traits and a secondary sexual character in male collared flycatchers. Nature
Halliday, T.R. (1978) Sexual selection and mate choice. In Behavioral Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach (J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davies, eds), pp. 180–213. Blackwell, London.
Halliday, T.R. (1983) The study of mate choice. In Mate Choice (P. Bateson, ed.), pp. 3–32. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Halliday, T.R. and Verrell, P.A. (1988) Body size and age in amphibians and reptiles. J. Herpetol.
Hansen, T.F. and Price, D.K. (1995) Good genes and old age: Do old mates provide superior genes? J. Evol. Biol.
Hasselquist, D., Bensch, S. and von Schantz, T. (1996) Correlation between male song repertoire, extra-pair paternity and offspring survival in the great reed warbler. Nature
Hill, G.E. (1990) Female house finches prefer colourful males: Sexual selection for a condition-dependent trait. Anim. Behav.
Houle, D. (1991) Genetic covariance of fitness correlates: What genetic correlations are made of and why it matters. Evolution
Houle, D., Morikawa, B. and Lynch, M. (1996) Comparing mutational variabilities. Genetics
Howard, R.D., Whiteman, H.H. and Schueller, T.I. (1994) Sexual selection in American toads: A test of a good-genes hypothesis. Evolution
Iwasa, Y., Pomiankowski, A. and Nee, S. (1991) The evolution of costly mate preferences. II. The ‘handicap’ principle. Evolution
Johnstone, R.A. (1995) Sexual selection, honest advertisement and the handicap principle: Reviewing the evidence. Biol. Rev.
Koenig, W.D. (1991) Levels of female choice in the white-tailed skimmer Plathemis lydia (Odonata: Libellulidae). Behaviour
Kokko, H. (1997) Evolutionarily stable strategies of age-dependent sexual advertisement. Behav. Ecol. So ciobiol.
Kokko, H. and Lindström, J. (1996) Evolution of female preference for old mates. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Komers, P.E. and Dhindsa, M.S. (1989) Influence of dominance and age on mate choice in black-billed magpies: An experimental study. Anim. Behav. 37, 645–655.
Korpimäki, E. (1989) Mating system and mate choice of Tengmalm's owls Aegolius funerus. Ibis
Manning, J.T. (1985) Choosy females and correlates of male age. J. Theor. Biol.
Medawar, P.B. (1946) Old age and natural death. Mod. Q.
Nur, N. and Hasson, O. (1984) Phenotypic plasticity and the handicap principle. J. Theor. Biol.
Olsson, M. and Madsen, T. (1995) Female choice on male quantitative traits in lizards-Why is it so rare? Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.
Partridge, L. and Endler, J.A. (1987) Life-history constraints on sexual selection. In Sexual Selection: Testing the Alternatives (J.W. Bradbury and M.B. Andersson, eds), pp. 265–277. Wiley, Berlin.
Partridge, L. and Sibly, R. (1991) Constraints in the evolution of life histories. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B
Petrie, M. (1993) Do peacock's trains advertise age? J. Evol. Biol. 6, 443–448.
Pomiankowski, A. and Møller, A.P. (1995) A resolution of the lek paradox. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Poole, J.H. (1989) Mate guarding, reproductive success and female choice in African elephants. Anim. Behav.
Price, T. and Schluter, D. (1991) On the low heritability of life-history traits. Evolution
Price, T., Schluter, D. and Heckman, N.E. (1993) Sexual selection when the female directly benefits. Biol. J. Linn. Soc.
Roff, D.A. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Chapman & Hall, London.
Rose, M.R. (1985) The evolution of senescence. In Evolution: Essays in Honour of John Maynard Smith (P.J. Greenwood, P.H. Harvey and M. Slatkin, eds), pp. 117–128. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rose, M.R. (1991) The Evolutionary Biology of Aging. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Rowe, L. and Houle, D. (1996) The lek paradox and the capture of genetic variance by condition-dependent traits. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Schluter, D., Price, T.D. and Rowe, L. (1991) Conflicting selection pressures and life-history trade-offs. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Sundberg, J. and Dixon, A. (1996) Old, colourful male yellowhammers, Emberiza citrinella, benefit from extra-pair copulations. Anim. Behav.
Trivers, R. (1972) Parental investment and sexual selection. In Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man 1871–1971 (B. Campbell, ed.), pp. 139–179. Aldine Press, Chicago, IL.
van Noordwijk, A.J. and de Jong, G. (1986) Acquisition and allocation of resources: Their influence on variation in life-history tactics. Am. Nat.
van Rhijn, J. and Groothuis, T. (1987) On the mechanism of mate selection in black-headed gulls. Behaviour
Watt, W.B., Carter, P.A. and Donohue, K. (1986) Females’ choice of ‘good genotypes’ as mates is promoted by an insect mating system. Science
Williams, C.G. (1957) Pleiotropy, natural selection and the evolution of senescence. Evolution