Contaminant Exposure and Effects—Terrestrial Vertebrates Database: Trends and Data Gaps for Atlantic Coast Estuaries
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
In order to examine the condition of biota in Atlantic coast estuaries, "Contaminant Exposure and Effects—Terrestrial Vertebrates" database (CEE-TV) has been compiled through computerized search of published literature, review of existing databases, and solicitation of unpublished reports from conservation agencies, private groups, and universities. Summary information has been entered into the database, including species, collection date (1965–present), site coordinates, estuary name, hydrologic unit code, sample matrix, contaminant concentrations, biomarker and bioindicator responses, and reference source, utilizing a 98-field character and numeric format. Currently, the CEE-TV database contains 3699 geo-referenced records representing 190 vertebrate species and >140,000 individuals residing in estuaries from Maine through Florida. This relational database can be directly queried or imported into a Geographic Information System to examine spatial patterns, identify data gaps and areas of concern, generate hypotheses, and focus ecotoxicological field assessments. Information on birds made up the vast majority (83%) of the database, with only a modicum of data on amphibians (<0.1%). Of the >75,000 chemical compounds in commerce, only 118 commonly measured environmental contaminants were quantified in tissues of terrestrial vertebrates. There were no CEE-TV data records in 15 of the 67 estuaries located along the Atlantic coast and Florida Gulf coast. The CEE-TV database has a number of potential applications including focusing biomonitoring efforts to generate critically needed ecotoxicological data in the numerous "gaps" along the coast, reducing uncertainty about contaminant risk, identifying areas for mitigation, restoration or special management, and ranking ecological conditions of estuaries.
- Environmental Defense Fund: 1997, Toxic Ignorance: The Continuing Absence of Basic Health Testing for Top-Selling Chemicals in the United States, New York, 65 pp.
- Erwin, R.M. and Korschgen, C.E.: 1979, Coastal waterbird colonies: Maine to Virginia, 1977, U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Biological Serv. Prog., FWS/OBS-79/08, Washington DC.
- Hall, R.J. and Henry, P.F.P.: 1992, ‘Assessing effects of pesticides on amphibians and reptiles: status and needs’, Herpetol. J. 2, 65-71.
- National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration: 1998, ‘ORCA's coastal assessment framework (CAF)’, World wide web page. ftp://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/datasets/caf/tech
- Schmitt, C.J. and Bunck, C.M.: 1995, ‘Persistent environmental contaminants in fish and wildlife’, in: LaRoe, E.T., Farris, G.S., Puckett, C.E., Doran P.D. and Mac, M.J. (eds.): Our Living Resources, U.S. Dept Inter., Nat. Biol Serv., Washington, DC, pp. 413-416.
- USEPA: 1998, Condition of the Mid-Atlantic Estuaries, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA600-R-98-147, Washington, DC.
- Zylstra, S.J.: 1994, ‘A new program for biomonitoring status and trends in the environment’, J. Aquatic Ecosystem Health 3, 81-85.
- Contaminant Exposure and Effects—Terrestrial Vertebrates Database: Trends and Data Gaps for Atlantic Coast Estuaries
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume 63, Issue 1 , pp 131-142
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Laurel, MD, 20708, USA
- 2. Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA