The Semantics of the Russian Comitative Construction
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Russian has two different means of combining two noun phrases to form a plural noun phrase: the coordinate construction (using i 'and') and the comitative construction (using s 'with'). The two constructions are associated with different readings for certain sentences. In particular, the coordinate construction generally allows both a distributive and a collective reading, whereas in certain cases the comitative construction allows only for a collective reading. This difference has been ascribed to a difference in denotation of the two types of phrases. We show that such an analysis is unsatisfactory and propose an alternative analysis that appeals to pragmatic factors. In particular, we claim that distributive readings are dispreferred in the absence of an overt distributive operator and that pragmatic differences between the types of noun phrases raise the saliency of their subgroups to different degrees, thus making distributive readings more difficult to obtain with comitatives.
- Carlson, G. N. (1987) Same and Different: Some Consequences for Syntax and Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 10: pp. 531-565
- Choe, Jae-Woong: 1987, Anti-Quantifiers and a Theory of Distributivity, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
- Dalrymple, Mary, Makoto Kanazawa, Yookyung Kim, Sam A. Mchombo, and Stanley Peters: 1997, ‘Reciprocal Expressions and the Concept of Reciprocity’, Linguistics and Philosophy, to appear.
- Franks, S. (1995) Parameters of Slavic Morphosyntax. Oxford University Press, Oxford
- Gillon, B. (1987) The Readings of Plural Noun Phrases in English. Linguistics and Philosophy 10: pp. 199-219
- Gillon, B. (1990) Plural Noun Phrases and Their Readings: A Reply to Lasersohn. Linguistics and Philosophy 13: pp. 477-485
- Hoeksema, J. (1988) The Semantics of Non-Boolean 'And'. Journal of Semantics 6: pp. 19-40
- Landman, F. (1989) Groups. Linguistics and Philosophy 12: pp. 559-605
- Lasersohn, P. (1989) On the Readings of Plural Noun Phrases. Linguistic Inquiry 20: pp. 130-134
- Link, G. Hydras, On the Logic of Relative Constructions with Multiple Heads. In: Landman, F., Veltman, F. eds. (1984) Varieties of Formal Semantics. Foris, Dordrecht, pp. 245-257
- Lønning, J. T. Collective Readings of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases. In: Gärdenfors, P. eds. (1987) Generalized Quantifiers. Linguistic and Logical Approaches. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp. 203-235
- Lønning, Jan Tore: 1989, Some Aspects of the Logic of Plural Noun Phrases, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oslo. Published as COSMOS Report 11, Department of Mathematics, University of Oslo.
- McNally, L. (1993) Comitative Coordination: A Case Study in Group Formation. Natural and Linguistic Theory 11: pp. 347-379
- Rappaport, G. C. (1984) Grammatical Function and Syntactic Structure: The Adverbial Participle of Russian. Slavica, Columbus, Ohio
- Roberts, Craige: 1987, Modal Subordination, Anaphora, and Distributivity, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
- Schwarzschild, R. (1992) Types of Plural Individuals. Linguistics and Philosophy 15: pp. 641-675
- Schwarzschild, R. (1996) Pluralities. Kluwer, Dordrecht
- Winter, Y. (1996) A Unified Semantic Treatment of Singular NP Coordination. Linguistics and Philosophy 19: pp. 337-392
- The Semantics of the Russian Comitative Construction
Natural Language & Linguistic Theory
Volume 16, Issue 3 , pp 597-631
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Information Sciences and Technologies Laboratory, Xerox PARC, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA
- 2. Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA
- 3. Information Sciences and Technologies Laboratory, Xerox PARC, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA