Hostility Predicts Magnitude and Duration of Blood Pressure Response to Anger
- Cite this article as:
- Fredrickson, B.L., Maynard, K.E., Helms, M.J. et al. J Behav Med (2000) 23: 229. doi:10.1023/A:1005596208324
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The hypothesis that hostile and nonhostile individuals would differ in both magnitude and duration of cardiovascular reactivity to relived anger was tested. Participants were 66 older adults (mean age, 62; 38 women and 28 men; 70% Caucasian American, 30% African American). Each took part in a structured interview scored using the Interpersonal Hostility Assessment Technique. Later each relived a self-chosen anger memory while heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured continuously using an Ohmeda Finapres monitor. Hostile participants had larger and longer-lasting blood pressure responses to anger. African Americans also showed longer-lasting blood pressure reactivity to anger. Health and measurement implications are discussed.